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Back to School by Meredith Badger

Book Swamp -

Tell us about it: Chloe is on a holiday her holiday is over and now she is going back to school. She is very excited but when she found out her teacher is Mrs. Clarke. Mrs. Clarke is a very strict teacher, and she is not in a grade with her friends she feels pretty upset. She started school and there grade was doing a math test on the first day of school and she did not understand most of the questions and was scared to ask how to solve them. When she got her test back she got a F!!!(fail) She also got picked as a pet monitor her class had a pet crabs she had to take care of the crabs but she does not know.She got snapped by snappy the crab. One day when she was at school she was doing her math homework at school because she did not do it at home.Chloe was not afraid to ask how to solve the questions she could not do she practiced and finally understood. She finally understood every thing she use to not understand.

How good was it? Fantastic 

Review by Evgenija, age 10

Pyramid Puzzle by Susan McFarlane

Book Swamp -


Type of story: Adventure

Tell us about it: SHADOW seems to have uncovered a secret in an Egyptian pyramid but what and where? Special agent EJ12 will need to dig deep and unravel the puzzle before SHADOW escapes with acient treasure. So why does she think she can't trust her friends? Perhaps she can after all.....

How good was it? Fantastic

Review by Ranya, age 10







Small family farms

Links to our Past - history -

This is our 200th blog post - the first one was on November 5, 2007 - six years ago! How time flies and I still love this blog, it is the best thing I have ever done in my working life and thank you to everyone out there who reads it!  As it is our 200th post I'm going to tell you about small family farms, which were the main stay of the rural economy of this area from around the 1880s to the 1970s and also part of my heritage. The first settlers in the area were the squatters and large (often absentee)  landowners such as the Ruffy Brothers at Cranbourne, The Reverend Hussey Burgh Macartney at Eumemmerring and Sir William Clarke of Berwick. But from the 1850s the big squatting runs were broken up, Government land sales took place and other farmers moved in. Later on these farms were subdivided again (basically 1880s onwards)  and this gave small farmers the opportunity to purchase land - this would be the pattern of settlement for the areas around Cranbourne, Berwick, Hallam and Pakenham.

These are the cows on the Rouse farm at Cora Lynn; typical of the many small dairy farms that once proliferated in the Casey Cardinia region. Photograph taken in the 1930s. 
Government land schemes to break up the large farms such as the Closer Settlement Board and Soldier Settlement subdivisons were also undertaken. Local examples of these were the  Soldier Settlement at Narre Warren North and on the Clarke land at Berwick.  The other big Government land scheme in this region was the draining of the Koo-Wee-Rup Swamp, which began in 1889, with the main works finished in 1893 although various drainage works continued until the 1960s. This land was sub-divided into farms as small as 20 acres (8 hectares). And this is where my family steps into the picture - in 1903 my great grandfather James Rouse, selected 55 acres (22 hectares) on  Murray Road at Cora Lynn. He worked this land with his son, my grandfather, Joseph Rouse. Joe was nine in 1903 when they arrived and I'm not sure if he ever went to school after they arrived, if he did it would only have been for  a few years until he left and worked on the farm. Later on, in 1922,  Joe married my grandmother, Eva Weatherhead. Eva's father Horatio Weatherhead and her brothers had arrived in Tynong North in 1909 and operated saw mills - so they are representative of the many timber workers who operated mills in the hills from the 1880 onwards, but that's another story.  Joe and Eve raised their six children on the farm. Small family farms all relied on the generally unpaid labour of all the family members - my dad and my aunties and uncle all worked on the family farm - feeding the hens, weeding the vegetable garden, feeding the calves, milking the cows, collecting the eggs, ploughing the paddocks, planting crops, fixing machinery - there was a never ending lists of tasks  - often this work was done before they went to school and after they came home.


All small family farms would have had chooks - this is my grandmother, Eva Rouse, and her eldest daughter, Nancy, photograph taken about 1930. It's one of my favourite family photographs.
The growth of the family farm was encouraged by the establishment of railways in the area as they provided a means to send off produce to market and also provided the families with a means of transport when it was too far to go by bike or horse. In its turn, the growth of the small family farms lead to the establishment of butter and milk factories such as those at Bayles, Lang Lang and Cora Lynn; it encouarged the establishment of schools and the  growth of the towns which serviced the local farming communities. In turn, this meant that there more off-farm employment opportunities for members of family farmers and brought new people into the area.

Most small family farms also had pigs - this is my great aunt, Lucy Rouse, and my aunty Dorothy, taken around 1930.
There are very few small family farms remaining - the small soldier settler allotments at Narre Warren North, which were about 16 to 25  acres (6 to 10 hectares) are now covered in houses, the Andrews farm at Hallam is long gone replaced by houses and factories. In the 1970s when I was at High School, you would go past operating dairies on nearly every farm; in the same area (Cora Lynn) now,  I could count the dairy farms on one hand. Farms have grown bigger everywhere and  the time has past when a small family farm is viable. Changes in society have also contributed to this - children have more opportunities in employment and education and perhaps aren't as willing to work for nothing on the family farm. However, in this 200th blog post, I am paying tribute to the small family farm that sustained the economy of the Casey Cardinia region from the 1880s to the 1970s.


Finally, even though this may have seemed like fun to my Dad, Frank (aged about 3) and his brother Jim (about 5) by the time they were in their early teens they were ploughing the paddock with horses on their own. That'a my grandfather, Joe Rouse, behind the horse. Photograph taken about 1936.

Looking for Clancy

Reading Rewards - reviews -

Looking for Clancy: ballads by A.B. ‘Banjo’ Paterson   
Commentary and illustrations by Robert Ingpen.

From the cover:   To mark the 150th birthday of Banjo Paterson, award-winning illustrator Robert Ingpen journeys into the Australian outback through words and inspiring illustrations to find what has made Clancy such an enduring figure in Australian folklore.

“I had written him a letter which I had, for want of better
Knowledge, sent to where I met him down the Lachlan years ago,
He was shearing when I knew him, so I sent the letter to him,
Just ‘on spec’, addressed as follows, ‘Clancy of the Overflow’.

Ssshhhh ... don’t tell anyone, but this my secret vice.  I LOVE Aussie bush poetry!   I am totally seduced by the cadence and metre which is something you just don’t get these days.  Somehow, somewhere, the intelligentsia – whomever the hell they think they are - decreed that poetry should not rhyme; it should be bleak and miserable, dark and so unfathomable that you could end up with serious brain injury just trying to make sense of it! Ha ha, what a load of egotistical wankerism.  Grab this beautifully illustrated book, read about the places you’ve only ever heard about in history lessons, glory at what is being done to preserve them today – like the High Country refuge huts being restored by the Kosciuszko Huts Association, and get yourself in the groove ... 

“Oh! There once was a swagman camped in the Billabong,
Under the shade of a Coolabah tree;
And he sang as he looked at his old billy boiling,
Who’ll come a Waltzing Matilda with me?”
(groan ... how many of us ever sing those words correctly?!)
Deb

ANZAC - a history of the word

Casey-Cardinia 1914-1918: the Great War -

We call the Australian and New Zealand troops the Anzacz - but what does it mean and when was the word first used? The Department of Veteran Affairs has this explanation of the history of the word.

Historically, ANZAC (Australian and New Zealand Army Corps) was an acronym devised by Major General William Birdwood's staff in Cairo in early 1915.  It was used for registering correspondence for the new corps and a rubber stamp was cut using the letters A.&N.Z.A.C.  Australia's Official War Historian of the Gallipoli campaign, Charles Bean, ascribed the origin of the acronym to a British Officer of the Army Service Corps, Lieutenant AT White.  Another British Officer, Major CM Wagstaff, suggested running the letters together – ANZAC – as a code word for the corps.

After the landing at Gallipoli, General Birdwood requested that the position held by the Australians and New Zealanders on the peninsula be called 'Anzac' to distinguish it from the British position at Helles.  Permission was also sought to name the little bay, where the majority of the corps had come ashore on 25 April 1915, ‘Anzac Cove'.  The letters now were upper and lower case, indicating that the original acronym had already found a use beyond that of a military code word or corps designation.  Not surprisingly, the word was soon applied to the men of the corps who became 'Anzacs'.  There is substantial contemporaneous documentary evidence such as diaries and letters from those soldiers showing that they used the term in upper and lower case.

The Anzac Book, which was published in 1916, was written in 1915 by the Anzacs themselves, while still at Gallipoli.  In their own writings and illustrations the word is frequently spelt as 'Anzac'.

By the time Charles Bean wrote his two volume official history of the Gallipoli campaign in the 1920s, the word 'Anzac', in upper and lower case, was well established.  Indeed, the histories were called The Story of Anzac, not ANZAC.  In the Glossary at the back of volume II, Bean outlined the various usages of the word during World War I.  After Gallipoli, it was again used to refer to the two large Australian and New Zealand units in France and Belgium – 1st Anzac Corps and 2nd Anzac Corps.  On the Western Front also, British soldiers used the term 'Anzacs' to describe the Australian and New Zealand soldiers, although strictly speaking the only men entitled to that description were those who had actually served at Anzac (Gallipoli).  That service was proudly denoted by a brass 'A' on a man’s unit shoulder flash.

Department of Veteran Affairs website www.dva.gov.au

The earliest mention I can find of the word 'Anzac' in a local paper is from the Lang Lang Guardian of December 15, 1915. It is reproduced below.  It is interesting also because it gives us an glimpse of the sort of fund raising activities that were being undertaken by local communities to raise funds for the war effort.


Lang Lang Guardian December 15 1915http://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper  News-article119514977

World War One Digitised Newspapers

Casey-Cardinia 1914-1918: the Great War -

The State Library of Victoria has undertaken a project to digitise a number of World War One newspapers and these papers are now available on Trove - http://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper  With the centenary of the commencement of the War in 2014 it is expected that there will be a huge amount of interest in how our ancestors and our community lived during this time and the  local newspapers will  provide a wonderful resource to both local and family historians. The newspapers were selected to provide as  broad a coverage of Victoria as possible and the papers  for the Casey Cardinia region are the Pakenham Gazette and its forerunner the Berwick Shire News which  have now been digitised from 1914 until 1918 as has the Lang Lang Guardian. The Bunyip Free Press is available from 1914 to 1915. The South Bourke and Mornington Journal has also been digitised previously and also covers much of our region, as does the West Gippsland Gazette.




Berwick Shire News and Pakenham and Cranbourne Gazette  8 September 8,  1915, pg 3National Library of Australia http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article92095834
The papers recorded sad news such as the death of local soldiers including Private Frank Leigh A'Beckett, who was the son of the grandly named Edward Fitzhayley A'Beckett and his wife, Jane Deodata A'Beckett (nee Bourke). 


Pakenham Gazette and Berwick Shire News   June 15,  1917, page 2http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article92153530
The women also played their role in the War effort, some of course served as nurses overseas, but for the women who remained at home they worked on the family farms, fund raised for patriotic causes, joined the Red Cross, or as we can see from this report, knitted sock for the soldiers.

Foods that Harm Foods that Heal

Reading Rewards - reviews -

I borrowed this book over the Christmas break and although still on leave, I couldn’t wait to share it with you!  I know we usually review fiction, but it’s that time of year where people are making resolutions to eat healthier/lose weight/or just generally take more care with their diets and this book is perfect for all those reasons and more! 
It was so interesting that I happily got lost in it for the better part of a day ...

From the cover:  Foods that Harm, Foods that Heal: an A-Z Guide to safe and healthy eating (Reader's Digest  - consultant nutritionist Dr Rosemary Stanton) was first published in 1997 and became one of the most respected food references in Australia and New Zealand.  This completely revised edition reflects the many changes and advances that have occurred in the food and health industry in the intervening years and is an invaluable resource for avoiding poor nutritional choices and eating and living well. 


Briefly, this book is an A-Z of everything we consume these days and the facts and fallacies. Each type of food is thoroughly analysed - for nutritional value, its benefits or drawbacks, did you know fact boxes, things to avoid, and how best to cook and eat the item for peak nutritional benefit (including in some instances "companion cooking/eating" where one food brings out the best or dumbs down another!)
It also includes valuable information on things like a range of illnesses (what to eat plenty of/what to avoid, and more importantly, why), additives, sorting facts from hype regarding allergies, anti-oxidants, the evolving glycaemic index, canned/fresh/frozen, pesticides and pollutants, what diets work, organic foods, probiotics, supplements, trans fats and much, much more. 
On some sections there is a green recommendation box headed Do One Simple Thing and I’d like to snaffle that idea and use it here.  Do One Simple Thing – borrow this book now.  It packs so much information into an easily digested format; has plenty of “wow-I-didn’t-know-that” factor; and it might be the most important book you'll read this year.  I can’t recommend it highly enough.  
Deb.  

Australian Army War Diaries

Casey-Cardinia 1914-1918: the Great War -



The Australian War Memorial (www.awm.gov.au) has digitised war diaries from the First War. They are the diaries of the Unit's administration, operations and activities and rarely contain information about individuals. However, they can give you a real feel for what was happening on a day-to-day basis and will be of immense interest if you had relatives serving in a particular unit. The soldier is my great uncle Alf Weatherhead , who was in the 23rd Battalion.  Alfred Herbert Weatherhead (September 20, 1895 - May 3, 1976)  was the son of Horatio and Eleanor (nee Hunt) Weatherhead and he enlisted on February 13, 1915; served mainly in France and was discharged June 29, 1919. Alf suffered from shell shock after the war, operated a saw mill at North Tynong and lived for  a time at Morwell.

The map, below,  is from the diary of the 23rd Battalion and it formed part of Battle Order 20 from July 20, 1916. The diaries are on the Australian War Memorial web site - follow this link. http://www.awm.gov.au/diaries/index.asp. These are an amazing resource and well worth exploring.




Welcome to our new blog

Casey-Cardinia 1914-1918: the Great War -

Welcome to our new blog. The aim of this blog  is to be a  forum for commemorating and recording the impact of World War One on the people in the region now covered by the City of Casey and Shire of Cardinia - it will cover life on the home front, information about local soldiers and the development of local groups such as the Red Cross and Patriotic Groups. It will also look at the aftermath of the War and how communities commemorated their losses and service by the creation of Avenues of Honour and other memorials. This won't be a chronological work - it will be an eclectic look at the Great War and it's impact on our country.


Unveiling of the Cranbourne War Memorial. The Memorial was officially unveiled on August 27, 1939, ironically only about a week before Australia was once more at War, as it was on September 3 that the Prime Minister, Robert Menzies, announced we were at war with Germany. The picture is from the Cranbourne Shire Historical Society collection.
If you want general information about Australia and the Great War, then a good place to start is the Australian War Memorial website www.awm.gov.au. This site has a history of our involvement in all conflicts; information about the various Units that served in the War, including the Unit War diaries,  and the nominal rolls and embarkation rolls.

The full records for World War One service personnel can be found on the National Archives of Australia website www.naa.gov.au  The Federal Government has established a website  Gallipoli and the Anzacs  www.anzacsite.gov.au  which records information about Australia's involvement in the War especially the Gallipoli campaign. We also have a list of other relevant websites on the right hand side.

Emerald Lake and Swimming Pool

Links to our Past - history -

To celebrate summer I'd thought we would have a look at some great photographs of the Emerald Lake and pool, a popular swimming location for locals since the 1930s. Click here for an engaging history of the lake by Graeme Legge. These photographs are all from the State Library of Victoria collection and are all part of the Rose Series of Postcards. There are no specific dates on the photographs but I presume they are from the 1930s to 1950s.  www.slv.vic.gov.au

The Kiosk across the Lake, EmeraldState Library of Victoria Image H32492/2550

Springboard and Raft, Swimming Pool EmeraldState Library of Victoria Image H32492/148

The Drive, Swimming Pool, EmeraldState Library of Victoria Image H32492/1531

 Swimming Pool, Country Club, EmeraldState Library of Victoria Image H32492/639

A Magnificent view of the Lake, EmeraldState Library of Victoria Image H32492/2970

Spring board and water slide, Swimming Pool, EmeraldState Library of Image H32492/733

The kiosk at lakeside swimming pool, EmeraldState Library of Victoria Image H32492/3772

Kiosk and parking area, the Lake, EmeraldState Library of Victoria Image H32492/881

Oliver and the Seawigs By Phillip Reeve

Book Swamp -

Oliver Crisp's parents are adventures who are finally settling down, much to his delight. Unfortunately they find themselves trapped on an evil walking island, directed by an awful bully and it is up to Oliver to save them. With the help of his short-sighted mermaid friend, a talking bird, and a walking island of his very own, Oliver sets out to free his parents. A wonderfully imaginative and funny book, with heaps of humorous illustrations. I recommend this to the Diary of Wimpy Kid crowd, if they also love adventure stories.


Review by Celia

Diary of a Wimpy Kid

Book Swamp -

Book name : Diary of a Wimpy Kid
Author of the book: Jeff Kinney

It's summer vacation for Greg Heffley. All he thinks of summer is playing video games indoors. What his mum thinks is the total opposite. How will Greg spend his summer now?Here's the answer...  READ THE BOOK!!!!!
ENJOY!!!!

What do you rate the book out of 10?: 10

Nandira
Age: 9
St Paul Apostle North

The Ghost Bride

Quicksand -


The Ghost Bride
Author/Artist: Yangsze Choo

Set in the late 1800's, The Ghost Bride follows the story of Li Lan, nearly eighteen and living in Malaya. In such a time, girls her age would typically already have married, and although Li Lan has been proposed to, it is not an offer she is keen to accept. A marriage into the Lim family, who are very wealthy indeed, would in any other circumstance be a most joyous proposal. Unfortunately in Li Lan's case, their son is dead,  she would be married to a ghost.
Unwilling to accept the life of a widow, expected to mourn over the grave of a man she never even knew, Li Lan declines such an offer.This is when the haunting begins. Night after night, the son of the Lim family worms his way into her dreams, until eventually Li Lan grows ill as a result of the constant encounters. She visits a medium and is giving a remedy to help fight the ghost's intrusion. Halting his attacks only briefly, Li Lan breaks down one night and doesn't take enough care whilst measuring out the dosage.
Now, only barely alive, she is stuck in the world dead, a wondering soul unable to rejoin with her own body.

I absolutely loved this book. For someone who had slightly lost my passion for reading and struggled to find something I actually wanted to read, this book was so refreshing and so intriguing. I actually battled with myself, desperately wanting to finish it but also wanting to draw it out so that I could enjoy it for longer. I'm really hoping a sequel will be written.

You might like this if you like......: Spirited Away

 Amanda
Age: 15

Ella and Olivia: Cupcake Catastrophe by Yvette Poshoglian

Book Swamp -


Tell us about it: There are some girls making cupcakes for their dad. Because it was his birthday.When he tasted the cupcakes they were salty.Then Ella realized that Olivia was still learning to spell. So Olivia had put SALT instead of SUGAR.

How good was it? Fantastic


Review by Vinamraa, age 7

Christmas at Rosie Hopkins’ Sweet Shop

Reading Rewards - reviews -

Christmas at Rosie Hopkins’ Sweet Shop by Jenny Colgan 

From the cover: Rosie Hopkins is looking forward to Christmas in the little Derbyshire village of Lipton, buried under a thick blanket of snow. Her sweetshop is festooned with candy canes, crinkling selection boxes and happy, sticky children. She’s going to be spending it with her boyfriend, Stephen, and her family who are flying in from Australia. She can’t wait. But when a tragedy strikes at the heart of their little community, all of Rosie’s plans for the future seem to be blown apart. 
I always like to read at least one Christmassy novel at this time of year but try to avoid the over-saccharined ones. Despite the title, thankfully this book wasn’t too sickly sweet. It had an interesting storyline and although the ending was blatantly predictable, the characters kept it from sinking too far into schmaltz. It is, as I was to soon find out, a follow-on from the UK award-winning novel “Welcome to Rosie Hopkins’ Sweetshop of Dreams” and there are a lot of references to what happened in that book, so it was a little annoying. Overall though, a light festive read, but it won’t be appearing on my great titles of the year list.
Deb. 
 

Diary of a Wimpy Kid: Hard Luck by Jeff Kinney

Book Swamp -

Tell us about it:
Rowley has got a girl friend and does not hang with Greg anymore, Greg always thought that he will be the one with a girl friend. Now he has no friends. Will Greg and Rowley ever become friends again? Or will Rowley and his Girlfriend be forever? Here's the answer...

READ THE BOOK!!!

How good was it? Fantastic



- Nandira, age 9

More Than This by Patrick Ness

Quicksand -

I have something terrible to confess. I didn't actually like the Chaos Walking Trilogy by Patrick Ness. Everyone thought it was brilliant (the blurb of his current book, More Than This tells us that he has won every major prize in children's fiction, including the Carnegie Medal twice), but it didn't grab me. I kept trying his books though, because surely, SURELY at some point I was going to get what everyone was carrying on about.

And it finally happened. With More Than This. It's very  hard to review this book without giving things away, and the delight of this book is that it is so very unpredictable and I don't want to take that away from you. Suffice to say it starts with a death, and then gets weirder from then on in.

The More Than This of the title refers to the idea of an afterlife - that there must be 'more than this', more than life, more than our physical bodies, that something else must exist. Whether or not you subscribe to this belief, the concept itself is intriguing, and in the hands of Ness, horrible and beautiful at the same time.

What would your hell look like? Your heaven? Are we punished for our sins on this earth? Is there anything out there, or are we bound by the confines of our brains - our imaginations? Written as a kind of thriller this book kept me turning pages, holding important plot points back, only to release them at the perfect time to drag you in again.

A warning for those who like a neat and tidy ending. You wont get one. Ness warns us throughout the book that he would not provide one, but I didn't stop hoping! It is an ending or sorts, but does not answer all the questions we have. But sometimes I think that is what makes a truly good ending. Ness knows well enough when to leave things open.

One of the very few disappointments I felt with this book was a plot twist that appeared to mirror a very popular movie from a few years ago. I'm not going to spoil it, but I did feel a little cheated. He explores the concept in a slightly new way, however, so I got over it.

On the whole, a great book. Patrick Ness, I finally get you.


- Celia

Pyramid of Secrets by Jim Eldridge

Book Swamp -


Type of story: Adventure

Tell us about it:
Set in 2517BC, this book combines adventure with historical education, as 12 year old Nebka travels to Giza to work on the Pyramids. He befriends Isesi, and together they face long, hard days of pushing limestone on sledges from the quarry to the Pyramids. He even sees the great Sphinx. One day he meets a prisoner with a fascinating secret..... Nebka must choose whether to help the prisoner with his plot for a better Egypt, or to avoid getting caught by the guards and deny the prisoner's request.

This book is excellent for kids wanting to learn about times in Egypt back in old times, and for kids who want a bit of adventure and historical knowledge.For a cool feature, check out the Historical Note at the end of the book, loaded with great facts!

How good was it? Fantastic

- Priya, age 11

The Keepers: Museum of Thieves by Lian Tanner

Book Swamp -


Type of story: Adventure

Tell us about it: It's about a girl and her name was Goldie Roth. On the separation day, Goldie Roth was about to be separated from her parents but suddenly there was an explosion in the city so every one decided to the separation ceremony. But Goldie wanted to separated so she cut the ribbon that connecting her and her mother and she ran away. She suddenly got lost but she people who can help her.

How good was it? Fantastic



- Ranya, age 10


The Case of the Deadly Desperados by Caroline Lawrence

Book Swamp -

Type of story: Adventure

Tell us about it:
If you like good adventure stories, then you won't want to miss The Case of the Deadly Desperados. The main character and hero within the book is 12 year old P.K. Pinkerton. P.K. becomes a Private Detective, and with clever detecting skills - eyes as sharp as a hawk, ears as keen as a rabbit, and sense of smell almost as good as a bear - is a natural for the job. The Case of the Deadly Desperados is set in America in the 1860's in the largely lawless Virginia City. Every second building seems to be a saloon bar where men gamble and drink. Fights break out constantly. Non-stop action and twists and turns are contained on nearly every page as P.K strives to bring criminals to justice.

Recommended holiday reading with a Western theme.

How good was it? Fantastic


- Ann

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