Casey-Cardinia 1914-1918: the Great War

The need for good literature at the Front

An interesting article from the Lang Lang Guardian of September 29, 1915 about the need for suitable literature for our soldiers at the Front. The Reverend H. de Putron Hitchcock, the Anglican Minister,  knew from experience that when a squad of men got together that they were apt to talk about what had better be left unsaid. Therefore good literature would keep the soldier's minds pure and clean. We have met the Reverend de Putron Hitchcock before in this blog - he helped to celebrate the first ANZAC Day commemorations in Lang Lang and Yallock in April 1916. Read about it here

Lang Lang Guardian September 29, 1915http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article119512947

Tonimbuk Honour Roll

Denise Nest wrote about the Tonimbuk Honour Roll in her book, Call of the Bunyip. She said that 'the names and portraits of the men of the district were enclosed in a massive oak frame'.  The Roll was unveiled by Mr Pearson and a concert completed the occasion. Sadly, the whereabouts of this Roll is unknown.

What follows is a list of the soldiers on the Honour Roll, plus a few others with a Tonimbuk connection,  their fate (i.e. when they Returned to Australia after active service or when they were Killed in Action) and their Service Number (SN) so you can look up their full service record on the National Archives website (www.naa.gov.au). Some of the extra information about the families of the soldiers comes from Call of the Bunyip.

Bridle, Charles William (SN 5629) Charles enlisted as a 19 year old on July 31, 1915. He was born in Williamstown and was living there when he enlisted,  his next of kin was father, Richard.   Charles married Erine (also listed as Eileen)  around 1917. A letter in his file, dated August 1, 1918 states that Erine had moved  from Williamstown to Bunyip. He Returned to Australia on May 8, 1919. Mrs Nest, in Call of the Bunyip,  has his name listed as Bridal, which is not correct, however as George and Elizabeth Bridal settled in Tonimbuk in the early 1900s and they are presumably the source of the name Bridal Road it's an obvious mistake.

Ellis, H  Corporal H. Ellis is listed on the Honour Roll, but I am unsure who that is. It may possibly refer to Albert Bruthniaux Ellis (SN 44) who enlisted on June 7, 1915 aged 27. His next of kin was his mother, Mrs M. Ellis of 'Mt Juliet', Bunyip. Albert Returned to Australia on September 23, 1919. He was a Lieutenant (which doesn't tally with him being listed as a Corporal)  and was awarded the Military Cross. Any help appreciated.

Jewell, Frederick William (SN 57) Frederick enlisted on August 22, 1914 when he was 26. His occupation was a labourer.  Sergeant Jewell Returned to Australia on January 7, 1919.
Jewell, John George (SN 55) John was 19 years and 10 months  old  when he enlisted the same day as his brother, Frederick, above. John was also a labourer. Whilst serving overseas John suffered from influenza, then mumps, then appendicitis and then he was Wounded in Action in France. John Returned to Australia on January 23, 1918.
Jewell, William James Peter  (SN 6136)  William enlisted on May 4, 1916 aged 22. He Returned to Australia on October 29, 1918 and had suffered from Trench feet and a fractured thigh. For some reason William isn't listed on the Honour Roll.
William and Elizabeth (nee Leask) Jewell came to Tonimbuk about 1892 and took up 50 acres of land;  they had nine other children beside Fred, John and William.

Leask, George Clifford (SN 2784) Call of the Bunyip reports on a homecoming function given on New Years Eve, 1918 to the three Jewell boys and George Leask. George for some reason isn't listed on the Honour Roll. George was 18 when he enlisted on July 26, 1916. In August 1918 he suffered a gun shot wound to the abdomen (penetrating) and Returned to Australia on October 20, 1918. George was the son of  Thomas and Rose Leask of Bunyip. I presume he was cousin of the Jewell boys as their mother was a Leask.



Bunyip Free Press September 10, 1914.http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article129629543

Nylander, Alexander (SN 3435) Alexander was 27 when he enlisted on July 15, 1915. His next of kin was his mother, Mrs J. Nylander, of 'St Minians', Bunyip. He was discharged for medical reasons, suffering from shell shock and neurasthenia (a nervous condition)  Alexander Returned to Australia on August 25, 1917. Alexander's parents, Carl and Jessie (nee Forrester) had come to Tonimbuk in 1892.

Pearson, Frederick Francis (SN 869) Frederick enlisted on September 4, 1914, when he was 25. Frederick was Killed in Action on April 25, 1915 at Gallipoli. It wasn't until June 1916 that a Board of Enquiry finally confirmed that he had been Killed in Action, he was previously listed as missing. This information was not communicated to the family straight away as there is a letter from his father in his file dated September 1916 asking for confirmation of his death, he writes "Personally I am sure of his death but it is his mother who keeps on hoping to hear from him"  Frederick was the son of Charles and Blanche (nee Cox) Pearson who had arrived in Tonimbuk in 1893, they had 320 acres of land which they used an orchard.

Pilkington, Archibald Clarence (1268) Archie was living in Williamstown and his occupation was a driver,  when he enlisted on July 12 1915 at the age of 21. He  served overseas but was injured and also suffered from bronchitis and so was discharged due to medical reasons and Returned to Australia on Apri1 11, 1916. Archie and his wife Vera are listed in the 1917 Electoral Roll as living at Tynong. In 1919 they are back in Williamstown and he has  motor garage.  In 1924 Ada is listed alone in Williamstown and there is an Archibald Clarence Pilkington in Rocklea near Brisbane, occupation motor driver, so it seems that the marriage had broken up by then.  Vera was born in Longwarry and was the daughter of John and Catherine (nee Parsons) Topp, and so was the sister of Charles and John Topp, listed below.

Reardon, Eric Charles (SN 2524). Eric enlisted on June 3, 1915 at the age of 18 and died of wounds on September, 9 1918.  Eric is also listed on the Bunyip War Memorial.
Reardon, William Horace (SN 16)  William, the brother of Eric, above, enlisted on August 19, 1914. They were both born in Tatura and were the sons of James Edward Reardon of Bunyip. William Returned to Australia on November 12, 1917 after being discharged as permanently unfit. William had suffered from months of diarrhoea and bilharziosis (a parasite infection from a flatworm)



A report form the Bunyip Free Press of September 9, 1915 on the local boys Jack Sleigh and Fred Jewell.http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article129630841
Sleigh, John (SN 58) John enlisted on August 22, 1914, the same day as Fred and John Jewell, when he was 25 years old. John had  a colourful military record and was charged with a number of offences whilst on active duty and also suffered from a leg injury that became quite  a bad ulcer which wouldn't heal and he was discharged as medically unfit after he  Returned to Australia on February 15, 1918.
Sleigh, T  I believe that this may actually be Stephen Sleigh (SN 3244) who is also listed on the Bunyip War Memorial. Stephen enlisted on July 16, 1915. Stephen was listed as missing on July 28, 1916 and  a later Court of Enquiry found that he was Killed in Action on July 19, 1916.
Stephen and John were both born in Trentham and they were the sons of Charles and Mary Jane Sleigh of Bunyip.



A sadly prophetic article - the visit made to his parents was indeed his final visit. Bunyip Free Press October 21, 1915http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article129630990

Topp, Charles William (SN 3656)  Charles was a jockey, aged 24, and he enlisted on September 6, 1915.  He Returned to Australia on May 15, 1919.
Topp, John Henry Thomas (SN 1312) John enlisted at the age of 26 on July 29, 1915. He was a saw mill employee. He Returned to Australia on July 18, 1919.
Charles and John were the sons  of John Henry Topp and Catherine Theresa Parsons of Bunyip. Call of the Bunyip  mentions a John Topp who had  a property near the Tonimbuk School which consisted of 450 acres and a home on the banks of Dingle Creek.

Towt, O.O  Listed as O.O. Towt in the Call of the Buyip, but I believe that it is the grandly named Canterbury Oliver Towt (SN 72). Canterbury was the son of Catherine Towt of "Glen Evergreen" Tonimbuk. He was an orchardist and enlisted at the age of 25 on July 19, 1915. He Returned to Australia on May 11, 1919.

Lyndhurst and Skye (Lyndhurst South) Great War Soldiers

This is a list of soldiers with a connection to the towns of Lyndhurst and Skye.  I have linked these towns together as Skye changed its name to Lyndhurst South in 1903 (although some sources list the date as 1894) after a murder brought unwelcome attention to the area. It changed back to Skye in 1964. Parts of Lyndhurst have been re-named Lynbrook, but it traditionally covered the area roughly south of Abbotts Road, west of Dandenong Frankston Road, east of the South Gippsland Highway and north of Thompsons Road. Skye or Lyndhurst South roughly covered the area south of Thompsons Road, west of  McCormicks Road, north of Ballarto Road and  east of Dandenong Hastings Road, so it included both Hall Road and Wedge Road.  All this area used to be in the Shire of Cranbourne. If you know of any other soldiers that I have missed, then please let me know.

You can read more about Skye in the book 100 years in Skye: 1850-1950 by Dot Morrison, published by the Mornington Peninsula Family History Society http://www.mpfhs.org/

What follows is a list of soldiers, their connection to Lyndhurst or Syke, their fate (i.e. when they Returned to Australia after active service or when they were Killed in Action) and their Service Number (SN) so you can look up their full service record on the National Archives website (www.naa.gov.au)

Anderson, John William (SN 10579)   John was born in Lyndhurst and enlisted on December 29, 1915 aged 23. He was a share farmer. He Returned to Australia on May 12, 1919.

Baker, Alexander George (SN 1782)  Alexander enlisted on June 5, 1915 aged 22. He was a farmer from Lyndhurst South. Alexander was awarded the Military Medal in 1917. He Returned to Australia on April 8, 1919.

Cairns, Godfrey Brown (SN 16080) Godfrey was born in Rosebud and he was living at Lyndhurst when he enlisted on January 27, 1916. His occupation was driver and he was 28. He Returned to Australia on July 4, 1919.

Cozens, John Edwin  (SN 2602)  John was born at Lyndhurst and was living at Mornington Junction (the original name for Baxter) when he enlisted on August 2, 1915, at the age of 23 and eleven months. John Returned to Australia on April 13, 1919.

Fisher, Culbert Cecil (16926)  The unusually named Culbert enlisted on March 9, 1916 aged 18. He was a State School teacher, born in Lyndhurst and living there at the time of his enlistment. He Returned to Australia on September 25, 1919.


Culbert's wedding to Myrtle Poole was written up in Table Talk on May 28, 1925. By this time his parent's had moved to  Woodend, but it seems they were sentimental enough to call their property after their original location. The account of the wedding is very comprehensive - you can read it all here 

Hope, George  (SN 1394)   George was born in Lyndhurst and enlisted at the age of  26 on August 2, 1915. His next of kin was his brother, John. George embarked to return  to Australia on March 16, 1918. however never made it home as on April 20 he went over the side of the boat and his body was never found. The inquiry said that he was in great pain from rheumatism and trench fever which caused headaches and rashes amongst other things and he had also suffered a gun shot wound to his right thigh, however the verdict was that he had fallen overboard accidentally. There is correspondence in his file saying that his real name was Robert George Chrozier. In his will he leaves everything to his cousin John Chrozier (the name is also spelt as Crozier in the file)

Howse, Frederick Thomas   (SN 15911)    Frederick enlisted on October 9, 1916 when he was a nearly 22 year old postal assistant. Thomas was born at Lyndhurst  and living in Dandenong when he enlisted. He Returned to Australia on January 2, 1919.

Kerr, Alfred William Charles  (SN 2080)  Alfred was born at Lyndhurst and enlisted at the age of 21 on November 10, 1916. His next of kin was his father, Gilbert, who lived in Hastings and he was a driver. Alfred Returned to Australia on March 31, 1919. Alfred is the brother of Frederick (see below)

Kerr, Charles Thomas  (SN 2040)   Charles was born in Lyndhurst and was a 22 year old newsagents assistant living in Albany Park in Western Australia when he enlisted on November 1, 1915.  Charles Returned to Australia on January 14, 1919. His next of kin was his father, Moses, of Upper Hawthorn.

Kerr, Frederick John Lee   (SN 3420) Frederick enlisted on June 6, 1917 when he was 18 years old. He was born in Lyndhurst and was living at Hastings at the time of enlistment. Frederick was Killed in Action in France on August 25, 1918   Frederick was the brother of Alfred (see above) and their parents were Gilbert and Clara Kerr.

Kirkham, Malcolm (SN 913)  Malcolm was 29, and a farmer from Lyndhurst, when he enlisted on June 8, 1915. His next of kin was his mother, Margaret. Lieutenant Kirkham was Killed in Action in France on September 2, 1918.

McFarlane, David James  (SN 77806)  David enlisted on June 14, 1918 didn't see active service and was discharged in December 1918. He was 21 year old butcher at the time of his enlistment and was born in Lyndhurst.

Norquay, Walter James (SN 1914)  Walter, born in Lyndhurst,  was a 27 year old Senior Postal Assistant when he enlisted on May 29, 1916. His next of kin was his wife, Dagmar. He was Killed in Action, in Belgium,  on October 13, 1917.

Payne, Charles Lyndhurst (SN 4801) Charles Lyndhurst Payne was born in Lyndhurst, and presumably named after his place of birth. He was 21 when he enlisted on April 1, 1916 and his guardian was listed as Mrs Margaret Greaves of Picnic Park, Lyndhurst.   He Died of Wounds received whilst fighting in France on April 26, 1918. Margaret Greaves (1942-1921) was married to William Greaves and was the daughter of Stephen and Alice Payne, so I presume that Charles was her nephew. (Family information from 100 years in Skye: 1850-1950 by Dot Morrison)

Payne, James (SN 1561) James was born in Lyndhurst and was 28 when he enlisted on October 6, 1916. His next of kin was his mother, Mrs Christina Cozens, of Yannathan, which is here he was also living at the time of his enlistment. He suffered a number of gun shot wounds and  Returned to Australia on February 15, 1918. When he applied for his medals in April 1918 he was living in Five Mile (Koo-Wee-Rup North)

Reilly, Eric (SN 479) Eric was a 26 year old farmer from Lyndhurst when he enlisted on October 13, 1914. He was single when he enlisted but there is a note in his file dated May 7 1915 saying that he had married; his wife's name was Selina. Eric Returned to Australia on April 23, 1919.


Dandenong Advertiser  October 17, 1918

Reynolds, Henry Simpson (SN 80602) Henry, whose enlistment was announced in the Dandenong Advertiser (see above) was 34 and his next of kin was his wife, Olena, of Lyndhurst South, when he enlisted on October 5, 1918. He did not see active service and was discharged in December 1918.

Smith, Frederick William  (SN 7085)  Frederick was born in Lyndhurt and was living in Dandnong when he enlisted on September 17, 1916. He was 24. He Returned to Australia on February 19, 1919.

South Bourke and Mornington Journal  April 17, 1919http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article66195941
Strong, Albert Victor (SN 29789)  Albert enlisted on March 23, 1916. His address was Ercildoune, Cranbourne and he was 24 years old. He Returned to Australia on February 2, 1919.

Taylor, William George (SN 1740) William was 24 when he enlisted at the age of 24 on February 17, 1916. He was the son of Richard Thomas Taylor.   William Returned to Australia in January 8, 1919.   Albert and George were welcomed home at a function in April 1919 - see the account from the South Bourke and Mornington Journal, above.

Pearcedale Great War Soldiers

This is a list of soldiers with a connection to the town of Pearcedale. There may be some I have missed, if you know of any, then please let me know.

Pearcedale was originally called Langwarrin. When the Mornington and Stony Point railway lines opened in the late 1880s, the railway station near the Military Camp (now a Flora and Fauna Reserve) was named Langwarrin. A new town developed east of the railway station and was locally called New Langwarrin.  Pearcedale was known as Langwarrin or Langwarrin Estate or Old Langwarrin until December 1905 when, at a  meeting of rate payers,  it was voted to rename the town Pearcedale to avoid confusion with the new settlement based near the Langwarrin Railway Station. Pearcedale was named after Nathanial and Mary Grace  Pearce,  early European settlers.

The soldiers listed below had their address on official papers as Pearcedale, sometimes Pearcedale, via Somerville and on occasions just Somerville. I have also included any soldiers whose family are mentioned in the book Pearcedale: Moments in history. You can read more about this book and Pearcedale here. If you want to borrow the book, click here

What follows is a list of soldiers, their connection to Pearcedale, their fate (i.e. when they Returned to Australia after active service or when they were Killed in Action) and their Service Number (SN) so you can look up their full service record on the National Archives website (www.naa.gov.au)

Barton, George Ormond (SN 965) George was  a 25 year old orchardist when he enlisted on August 17, 1914. His next of kin was his father, Joseph, of Pearcedale. George Returned to Australia on September 23, 1918. You can read more about the Barton family in Pearcedale: Moments in history.

Charlie Bond (SN 3310) and his visit to Horsham.

Horsham Times June 17, 1919 page 5.http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article73049797
Bond, Charles Rundle (SN 3310)   Charles enlisted on July 20, 1915 at the age of  21. He Returned to Australia on April 13, 1919. Charles was the brother of William (below). They were the sons of William and Emily (nee Smith) Bond who came to Pearcedale about 1910 (Source: Pearcedale: Moments in history)

Bond, William Arthur  (SN 2575)  William enlisted on August 2, 1915. He was a 24 year old labourer and his next of kin was his father, also William, who was an orchardist. William was Killed in Action on July 19, 1916 at the battle of Fromelles.

Evans, Thomas (SN 8830)  17/8/15  Twenty two year old Samuel enlisted on August 17, 1915. His next of kin was his father, Samuel, of Langwarrin. Thomas Returned to Australia on August 9, 1919.



This article reports on the welcome home function for local Pearcedale soldiers - Thomas Evans, Fred Knox, John Knox, William White and Martin Nicholson. 
Mornington Standard  November 21, 1919 page 3http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article65853222

Heazlewood, Walter Frederick  (SN 7161)  Surname also listed as Hazlewood. Walter enlisted October 27, 1916. He was a 32 year old farmer. Walter was medically discharged on January 4, 1918 and he died on December 12, 1922, suffering from Tuberculosis.

Hobbs, Rupert Roxborough  (SN 13302) Rupert was a 36 year school master at Pearcedale when he enlisted on August 25, 1915 in the Field Ambulance Unit. He Returned to Australia on March 28, 1919.

Jarvis, Clarence James  (SN 3853) Clarence was nearly  19 years old and an apprentice  carpenter when he enlisted on August 16, 1915. On August 7, 1916 he received a gun shot wound to the chest, whilst serving in France. He Returned to Australia on March 17, 1917 and was discharged on medical grounds in July.

Jarvis, Oswald Lewis   Listed on the Discovering Anzacs site as having enlisted at the age of 29, with a Pearcedale address, which doesn't tally with his birth date of 1895. He was a brother of Clarence, above, they were both born in Cudgewa, but I cannot find out anything else about Oswald's service.

Knox, John Henry (SN 4845)  John was 20 years old when he enlisted on November 10, 1915. He  Returned to Australia on July 7, 1919.  John and Thomas (below) were brothers. They were the sons of Edward and Mary (nee Pool) Knox of Pearcedale.

Knox, Thomas Frederick  (SN 4650)  Thomas was a 27 year old farmer and he enlisted on January 4, 1918. He arrived in Egypt in the June and saw some active service and Returned to Australia on July 17, 1919.

Larsen, Joseph (SN 3345) Joseph was 24 years old when he enlisted on July 6, 1915. He was born in Denmark and he had lived with James Ridley of Pearcedale for four years before his enlistment. He was Killed in Action in Belgium on September 20, 1917. They could find no trace of his parents in Denmark so his war medals were given to Mr Ridley in August 1920.

Lyons: There were four sons of Patrick and Louisa Lyons, of Pearcedale, who served in the Great War.

Lyons, Charles  (SN 6846)  Charles enlisted on May 9, 1916, he was 18 years old. When he was overseas he got married on September 6, 1919 to Agatha Richards. They came back to Australia in August 1920.

Lyons, John (SN 3568)   John was 22 years old when he enlisted on July 21, 1915. He Returned to Australia on February 9, 1919.

Lyons, Leslie William (SN 655)  Leslie enlisted on March 24, 1915 at the age of nineteen. Leslie was Killed in Action in France on October 5, 1918.

Lyons, Patrick Edward (SN 3194)  Patrick was nearly 23 when he enlisted on November 24, 1916. He Died of Wounds on September 27, 1917, the day after he was wounded in action whilst serving in France.

Patrick and Louisa (nee Henderson) had come to Pearcedale in 1910, they lived in East Road. Patrick died in June 1915, aged 52,  leaving Louisa a widow. They had eleven children. I wonder what happened to Louisa and I hope she found some happiness. You can read about the Lyons family in Pearcedale: Moments in history.



This article from the Mornington Standard of June 21 1919 reports on the welcome home to Rupert Hobbs, Charlie Bond, Robert Young and a D. McCarthy.
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article65852679

McCarthy, D   As you can see from the article above D.McCarthy had a connection to Pearcedale, I just can't work out who he is. I feel that it is either Daniel McCarthy (SN 16051) a telephone mechanic from Traralgon or Daniel Patrick McCarthy (SN 10447) a farmer whose next of kin on his enlistment paper was his brother, Edward, who was from Koo-Wee-Rup and later changed his address to Nar Nar Goon and on the embarkation roll it was his uncle, T. McCarthy of Nar Nar Goon. Daniel McCarthy was an orphan, I feel that he is the more likely candidate, but if you ave any information then please let me know.

Monro: George and Amy (nee Ostler) Monro had six sons of which three  served in the Great War. George was a market gardener and flower grower and  had arrived in Pearcedale  in 1900. You can read more about George and Amy and family in a short piece written by their grandson, George Monro in  Pearcedale: Moments in history.

Monro, Allan Clarence  (SN 3208)   Allan  had first enlisted as a 19 year old on April 6, 1915 but was discharged as being medically unfit, due to bronchitis, on June 24 the same year. Then he enlisted again on March 25, 1916 and served in the Home Services until July 11 when he was discharged again. Allan enlisted for the third time on November 26, 1916, he went overseas in the December but Returned to Australia in October and was discharged from the Army as medically unfit on December 14, 1917. There are two interesting letters in his file -  a 1942 letter from the Lighthouse & Navigational Services asking for  a copy of his war record as Allan had been appointed the permanent lighthouse keeper at Cape Schanck and one written by Allan in 1947 asking for a copy of his discharge papers as they were destroyed when his house was burnt down in the Black Friday bush fires on 1939.

Monro, Eric Wilfred (SN  2732)  Eric enlisted on June 30, 1915 aged 22. He was a mail carrier. He Returned to Australia on December 21, 1918.

Monro, Roy (SN 1083a)  Roy enlisted on August 20, 1914 aged 24. He Returned to Australia on March 10, 1918.

Nicholson, Donald (SN 986) Donald was 22 when he enlisted on September 18, 1914. Donald was Wounded in Action at Gallipoli, gun shot wound to left forearm, and  he Returned to Australia on July 17, 1915 and was officially discharged in November 1916.

Nicholson, Martin Terris  (SN 7285) Martin enlisted on December 4, 1916 aged 20. He Returned to Australia on August 19, 1919.  Both Donald and Martin were born in St Arnaud, Martin's mother was listed as Mrs Annie Perry and Donald's as Mrs Nicholson - were they brothers and their mother had remarried?

Orchard, Cyril George (SN 4747)  Cyril was 27 when he enlisted on March 1, 1916. He was a farm hand and lived with his wife, Doris at the  Balla Balla property. He was Killed in Action in Belgium on October 4, 1917.

Pearce, William Henry (SN 2561)  William enlisted at the age of 21 on January 20, 1915. William was wounded whilst fighting in France on July 3, 1917 and died the next day. The town of Pearcedale was named for William's parents - Nathaniel and Mary Grace Pearce in 1905.

Potter, Thomas  (SN 7306)  Thomas was a boundary rider, was 37 years old and he and his wife, Isabella were living at Pearcedale when he enlisted on August 5, 1915. He Returned to Australia on April 13, 1919.

Watt, Horace Alfred  (SN 3147)   Twenty year old Horace enlisted  on July 8, 1915. He Returned to Australia on January 15, 1919.  He was the son of Alfred Watt of Pearcedale and his occupation was dairyman.


Another welcome home party - this time for William Young and George WhiteMornington Standard, March 22 1919 page 3
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article65852345
White, George Edward (SN 69382)  George  enlisted at the age of 18 on May 20 1918. He left for service overseas on November 2 1918 and it doesn't say when he returned. His parents, Thomas and Grace had an orchard, Plumvale. You can read more about the White  family in Pearcedale: Moments in history. George's enlistment papers list his address as Somerville.

White, William (SN 5436)  William was a 27 year old gardener and he enlisted on March 18, 1916. He and his wife, Sarah, lived at Bayview, Pearcedale. William was born in England and was granted leave from the Army between March and June 1919 to work on Mr A. White's farm, presumably a relative. He Returned to Australia on August 1, 1919.

Wisken, William (SN 985) William enlisted on July 3, 1915. He was 21 and his occupation was nursery hand. He Returned to Australia on September 9, 1916 for discharge due to 'adolescent insanity' he had previously been described as 'a simple childish boy'. I wonder what happened to him?  William was the son of Henry and Rose Wisken who had arrived in Pearcedale on Boxing Day 1909 with their nine children of which William was the eldest. His brother George was President of the Pearcedale Cricket Club for 50 years and is the namesake of the George Wisken  Memorial Oval (Source: Ian Wisken - from the book Pearcedale: Moments in history)

Young, Robert Charles (SN 3305) Robert enlisted on July 20, 1915 aged 23. He was a labourer and was a member of the Pearcedale Rifle Club. Robert was born at Mornington Junction, the original name for the town of Baxter.   Robert Returned to Australia on April 13, 1919.                                  

Young, William Hay (SN 1582)  William enlisted on April 17, 1915 aged 28, he was an orchardist. William was Wounded in Action on two occasions and also gassed and consequently spent a lot of time in hospital when he was serving overseas. He Returned to Australia on January 14, 1919.

Koo-Wee-Rup Red Cross by Don Jewell

Koo-Wee-Rup Red Cross is one hundred years old on July 7, 2015. It's formation was reported in the Lang Lang Guardian of July 21, 1915.


Lang Lang Guardian July 21, 1915
Unfortunately, our operation has not been continuous. Koo-Wee-Rup Red Cross operated for the duration of the First World War, and then closed down  ‐ only to become active again during the Second World War. Once again it closed down, only to be revived in 1962 ‐ and we celebrated our Golden Jubilee (and "third incarnation!") in 2002

Red Cross archives have given us a list of the Unit office bearers, and we have a marvellous "Treasurer's Book" covering the period 1940 to 1948, compiled by the late Margaret Robertson, in beautiful cursive handwriting. "Mrs. Robbie's book" contains annual lists of Red Cross members during this period. In 1943‐44, the Koo-Wee-Rup Red Cross Unit had 261 members -  which must have been most of the adult population of the town at the time. You can imagine a couple of determined ladies walking the town and informing everyone that it was their patriotic duty to join Red Cross to help the war effort! You can see Mrs Robbies list below.
The list contains some very familiar Koo-Wee-Rup names ‐ Cochrane, Broadbent, Mickle, Rossiter and Glasscock to name a few. And our Italian community was well represented by names such as Ventura, Crameri, Inverno and Rossetti. In fact it is quite a good genealogical resource: was your family living in Koo-Wee-Rup in the forties? Any information in your family archives?
According to Red Cross records, the first Secretary (in 1914‐15) was a Mrs. C.M. Jack (although she is later listed as Miss C.M. Jack)   From 1916 to 1919, Mrs. J.A. Morrison was President, Miss C.M. Jack was  Secretary and Mrs. M. Hamilton, the Treasurer.  Any information about these ladies would be much appreciated ‐ pictures of our pioneer office bearers would be especially valued. 
Editor's note: Congratulations to the Koo-Wee-Rup Red Cross!  If you have any information on early office bearers or on the history of the Unit leave a comment below and I will put you in touch with Don. 


The members of the Koo-Wee-Rup Red Cross 1943-1944

The members of the Koo-Wee-Rup Red Cross 1943-1944

The members of the Koo-Wee-Rup Red Cross 1943-1944

The members of the Koo-Wee-Rup Red Cross 1943-1944

World War One Soldiers with a connection to Garfield

This is a list of First World War Soldiers who have a connection to Garfield. The names come from the Discovering  ANZACS website, the Australian ANZACs in the Great War website, the Garfield State School Honour Roll, the new Garfield Honour Roll which was unveiled in May last year (both of these rolls are at the Community Centre) and a list of soldiers from Bill Parish’s notes that are held at the Berwick Pakenham Historical Society.  I am under the impression that Bill’s list is of the names on the original Honour Board that was destroyed when the Garfield Hall was burnt down in April I937.  Either way there are 80 names listed below, so it shows that the Garfield community made a huge commitment and, at times, a huge sacrifice to support Australia’s war effort. I wrote this article for the Garfield township newsletter, The Spectator, where it was originally published.  Heather Arnold. 
What follows is a list of soldiers, their connection to Garfield , their fate (i.e. when they Returned to Australia after active service or when they were Killed in Action) and their Service Number (SN) so you can look up their full service record on the National Archives website (www.naa.gov.au)
If the soldiers are on the Garfield State School Honour Roll they have GSSHR after their name; if the are on the Garfield Honour Roll at the Community Centre they have GHR after their name and if they are on Bill Parish’s Garfield Honour Roll list then they have BPGHR after their name.

Baker, George (SN 16373) George enlisted on October 13, 1916, aged 22. He was a telephone mechanic and his next of kin was his father, David Baker, of Garfield. He Returned to Australia July 7, 1919.
Barker, Albert Stirling (SN 1212)   Albert was a 27 year old farmer from Garfield when he enlisted on July 17, 1915. His next of kin was his father, James, of Newmarket. He Returned to Australia on January 18, 1919. GSSHR, BPGHR.
Beswick, Edwin Ezard  (SN 6725) Edwin enlisted on September 16, 1916. He was 18 years old, was born in England and his next of kin was his father, John, of Garfield.  He made a will on July 26, 1917 and left everything to his mother, Mary Elizabeth Beswick. Edwin died in France of wounds and gas poisoning on October 9, 1917. Edwin is listed on the Bunyip War Memorial as well as the GHR and BPGHR.
Boase, Arthur Leslie (SN 7213) Arthur enlisted on August 2, 1915 at the age of 26 and his next of kin was his mother, Mrs H. Jolly of Garfield.  He was discharged due to suffering from pulmonary tuberculosis on September 16, 1915. He re-enlisted in July 1916 for ‘home’ not active service, but was discharged again on November 7, 1916. Obviously he was very persistent as he enlisted for the third time on November 10, 1916. He was sent to England but Returned to Australia on September 27, 1917 and was discharged as medically unfit on February 1, 1918 as he suffered from bronchitis.  At the time of the second enlistment he was living in Officer and by the time of the third enlistment he was married to Linda and still living in Officer.   GSSHR, BPGHR.
Body, William (SN 36896)  William was born in Garfield and was 20, a farmer,  when he enlisted on February 28, 1917. His next of kin was his father, John, of Garfield.   He Returned to Australia on July 13, 1919.  William is the brother of Daisy Body, the first teacher at Garfield North State School when it opened in 1914. BPGHR.
Bullock, Ernest (SN 6291) Ernest was nearly 21 and a farmer when he enlisted on July 7, 1916.  He was born in Murrumbena and his next of kin was his mother, Mrs Mary Bullock, of Oakleigh. I assume that Ernest was living with his brother Thomas (see below) when he enlisted and that’s his Garfield connection. Ernest was Killed in Action in France on October 4, 1918. Ernest and Thomas are listed on the Garfield Honour Roll as well as the Clyde North State School Roll, where they attended school.  GHR, BPGHR
Bullock, Thomas (SN 6292) Thomas was nearly 26, a labourer from Garfield and enlisted on July 7, 1916 the same day as his brother, Ernest, above.  His next of kin was his wife, Rose.  Thomas Returned to Australia on July 22, 1919.  BPGHR
Burnett, William Wernham Thomas  (SN 3019) William was born in Longwarry and was 18 years old when enlisted on July 22, 1915. His next of kin was his mother, Lilly Finnie of Garfield.  He Returned to Australia on April 27, 1919. GSSHR, BPGHR.
Burrows, John James (SN 3259)  John was born in Garfield and enlisted on August 2, 1915 when he was 19. He Returned to Australia on April 12, 1919.  GSSHR, BPGHR.
Cantini, R   This man is listed on the Garfield State School Honour Roll. I believe the surname should be Cantieni. I can’t find the family on the Electoral Roll in the area, but I found some references to the family on Trove - in 1900 there is a letter to the editor from a Peter Cantieni of Garfield; in 1906 there is an advertisement from an A.A Cantieni of Garfield inviting tenders to plough 30 acres of new land; and in February 1907 there was a report that Mrs Cantieni’s newly built residence  burnt down. This man may be Richard Cantieni (SN 5310) who enlisted on March 18, 1916 aged 22 and Died of Wounds on February 27, 1917, and whose next of kin was his father, Peter.  However the Honour Roll does not list him as having  died, so I am not sure.
Cock, John Alfred (SN 414) John enlisted on August 17, 1916 aged 19. His address was the New Bunyip Hotel, Bunyip  (the hotel that was where the Princes Highway crossed the Bunyip River)  which was owned by his parents. He Returned to Australia on March 28, 1919. GSSHR.
Dawes, Clifford Gordon  (SN 5086) Clifford  was born at Garfield and was the son of Alfred Dawes of Iona. He enlisted on January 26, 1916. Clifford suffered from multiple gun shot wounds and he Returned to Australia on July 7, 1917. Clifford is listed on the Bunyip War Memorial.
Dawes, Edward Withers (SN 2368) Edward  enlisted on May 8, 1915 aged 19. He was born in Bunyip and lived at Garfield and his next of kin was his sister, Mrs P.Mannix of Garfield.   He Returned to Australia on April 5, 1919.
Dawes, Victor (SN 3080) Victor enlisted on July 20, 1915 aged 21 and his next of kin was his mother, Mrs Elizabeth Dawes of Garfield. He Returned to Australia on July 3, 1919. I believe that Clifford and Victor are brothers.
Devaney, A   This man is listed on the Garfield State School Honour Roll. He is possibly connected to David and Eleanor Devaney who had the New Bunyip Hotel on the Gippsland Road.
Donald, Arnold James (SN 6000a) Donald enlisted at 27 years of age on March 3, 1916. His next of kin was his mother, Mrs Elizabeth Donald of Garfield.  He was wounded in France and Returned to Australia on April 5, 1918.
Donald, Henry Gordon (SN 6001)  Henry enlisted the same day as his brother, Arnold (above) He was 21, born in Iona,  and his next of kin was also his mother, Elizabeth. He was Killed in Action in Belgium, sometime between June 7thand 9th,  1917
Drake, James Patrick (SN 13281)  James was born in Garfield and enlisted on July 13, 1915. James Returned to Australia on May 5, 1919. James’ parents, James and Elizabeth, had arrived in Garfield around 1888 and later moved to Bunyip - James’ brother Tom was T.D Drake Real Estate and Auctioneers.    GSSHR
Dunne, George Michael  (SN 3379) George enlisted on March 14, 1917 at the age of 33. His next of kin was his wife, Laura, and they lived in Garfield North.  He Returned to Australia on March 17, 1919. BPGHR.
Edis, Eric Henile (SN 3509)  Eric was born in Garfield and his next of kin listed when he enlisted on August 2, 1915 was his father Frederick. Eric Returned to Australia on December 22, 1918, he then worked as a farrier and wheelwright in Garfield.  GSSHR, BPGHR.
Gaghin,  John (SN 2528) - his last name is listed as Gachin (his name is spelt this way on the Bunyip War Memorial) and Gaghain on other sources, but looking at his signature on his enlistment paper, Gaghin is the correct spelling. John is the son of Michael Gaghin of Garfield and enlisted on June 6, 1916.   He was Killed in Action in France on April 11, 1917. GHR, BPGHR
Gillespie, John Gordon  (SN 17902)  John was born in Garfield and enlisted on  January 28, 1916. His next of kin was his father, Andrew, of Garfield. John Returned to Australia on January 18, 1919. GSSHR, BPGHR.
Green, Thomas Cole (SN 2421)  Thomas was from Garfield and his next of kin was his mother, Catherine, and he enlisted on April 11, 1916. Thomas Returned to Australia on May 6, 1919. John also enlisted to serve in World War Two in 1941 when he was 53 years old.
Gunnelson, Inglebert Thomas  (SN 3160) Gunnelson, Percy Oscar  (SN 893)  Inglebert enlisted on September 2, 1916, aged 23 and Percy enlisted August 24, 1914 aged 20.  Inglebert and Percy were the sons of James and Mary (nee Duff) Gunnelson of Garfield. James (sometimes called Inglebert)  was born in Norway and was a builder. Sadly they were both Killed in Action, Percy on May 8, 1915 at Gallipoli and Inglebert on October 4, 1917 in France.  Inglebert and Percy are listed on the Bunyip War Memorial as well as the GSSHR, GHR, BPGHRGunnelson, R   There is an R. Gunnelson listed on Bill Parish’s list and on the Garfield State School Honour Roll. I believe this is Robert Herman Gunnelson, brother to Inglebert and Percy, who was born in 1900, however I can’t find any listing of him on the records at the National Archives of Australia or the Australian War Memorial, so maybe he enlisted just before the War ended.
Hobson, Edward Ernest (SN 3506)  Edward enlisted on August 23, 1915 when he was 24 and his next of kin was his wife, Emily, of Garfield.  He Returned to Australia on February 9, 1919. BPGHR
Hobson, George (SN 1164)  George enlisted on July 28, 1915 at the age of 19 and his next of kin was his brother, William, of Garfield. He Returned to Australia on January 4, 1919. BPGHR
James, Reginald Alfred John  (SN 3806) James enlisted on March 1, 1916 at the age of 22 and his next of kin was his father, Alfred, of Garfield. He Returned to Australia on January 10, 1918. BPGHR
Jewell  The Garfield State School Honour Roll has a Jewell listed with no initial. This could possibly be Frederick William Jewell, born 1888  (SN 57) or William James Peter Jewell, born 1893 (SN 6136) or John George Jewell , born 1894 (SN 55). They are the sons of William and Elizabeth (nee Leask) In the book Call of the Bunyip by Denise Nest it says that the Jewells had fifty acres as part of the Tonimbuk Village Settlement Scheme and they arrived at Tonimbuk around 1892. John is listed on the Bunyip War Memorial and Frederick and John are also on a plaque at the Tonimbuk Hall. 
Kimberley, John Robert (SN 857)  John enlisted on September 18, 1914. He was born in Garfield, but was living in Sebastapol, near Ballarart, when he enlisted.  He Returned to Australia on October 4, 1918.
King, S  This man is on Bill Parish’s list, but I can’t work out who he is.
Lambden, Thomas William (SN 6050)  Thomas enlisted on March 3, 1916 at the age of 30 and his next of kin was his wife, Emma, of Garfield.    Thomas Returned to Australia on December 24, 1918. BPGHR
Leeson, Robert Victor  (SN 2589) Robert enlisted, at 20 years of age, on June 30, 1916.  His next of kin was his father, Phillip Leeson of Garfield and he was the brother of William (below). Robert and William’s grandmother, Kathleen Leeson, was the licensee of the Pig & Whistle Hotel on Cannibal Creek.   Robert Returned to Australia on December 18, 1918. GSSHR, BPGHR    
Leeson,  William Herbert Charles  (SN 1178) William, the brother of Robert, above,  enlisted on September 26, 1914, aged 24.  William was Killed in Action on on May 2, 1915 at Gallipoli.  William is listed on the Bunyip War Memorial as well as GSSHR, GHR, BPGHR
Leithhead,  David (SN  V80710) David was born in Garfield in 1900 and was the son of George and Alice Leithhead of Vervale. David enlisted on September 28, 1918. The war ended before David saw any active service, but in 1941 in the Second World War, he enlisted in the Air Force.
McDonald, Allan Walter (SN 2474) Allan enlisted on March 3, 1916 and his next of kin was his wife, Jessie, of Garfield. He was 40 years old and a farmer. Allan Died of Wounds received whist fighting in France, on March 28, 1917.  Allan is listed on the Bunyip War Memorial as well as GHR, BPGHR
McGrath, Patrick (SN 51412)  Patrick enlisted on September 14, 1917 aged 28. His next of kin was his father, Michael, of Garfield.  He went overseas and in November 1918 was charged with unlawfully entering property and he was court martialled and sentenced to two years jail. He was released from prison in June 1919 and Returned to Australia July 8, 1919.
McParland, Maurice Matthew  (SN 420)  Maurice was 18 when he enlisted on October 4, 1916 McParland, Patrick  (SN 868) Patrick was 22 when he enlisted on March 17, 1915. They were both born in Bunyip and had been at school at Garfield as they are listed on the Garfield State School Honour Roll. Their mother, Catherine, who was their next of kin was living in Springvale when they enlisted.  Maurice Returned to Australia on March 3, 1919. Sadly, Patrick died September 15, 1915 of disease and was buried in Egypt.  GSSHR.
McLean, Norman Angus (SN 39206)  Norman enlisted on April 4, 1917 aged 21. His next of kin is his father, Roderick, who was the Station Master at Garfield from 1907 until 1911 when he was transferred to Tynong.  In August 1918, Norman was gassed whilst serving in France, transferred to a hospital in England and was discharged from the Army as medically unfit in March 1919 after he had arrived back in Melbourne.  GSSHR.
Mannix,  William (SN 81948) William was born at Garfield and enlisted at the age of 18 on October 26, 1918. His next of kin was his father, Patrick, a farmer of Garfield. Due to the fact the War ended he was discharged in December 1918.
Mather, James Alexander (SN 85662)  James was born in Garfield and enlisted after the War finished on January 6, 1919. He left Australia on January 25 and returned after a short stint overseas in June 1919.
Miller, Ivan Valentine (SN 3163)  Ivan enlisted on December 3, 1917 aged 20. He was an ‘Assistant Dispenser’ in a pharmacy.  He Returned to Australia on December 24, 1918. Ivan attended the Garfield State School in the 1910s and he his memories of the school are published in the book Cannibal creek to Garfield: the history of Garfield Primary School.  GSSHR 
Morgan, R  Bill Parish has this man  on his Honour Roll,  he survived the war, but I can’t establish who he is.
Mynard, Charles  (SN 459) Twenty one year old Charles enlisted on  August 17, 1914 and his next of kin was his father, T.C Mynard of Garfield. Charles was Killed in Action at Gallipoli on April 25, 1915. There is a C. Maynard listed on the Garfield Honour Roll, but I believe it should be C. Mynard. BPGHRMynard, John (SN 2867)  John was 18 when he enlisted on June 25, 1915. He Returned to Australia March 21, 1919.  BPGHRMynard, Thomas  (SN 17653) Thomas was a 42 year old farmer from Garfield when he enlisted on July 7, 1915.  His next of kin was his wife, Elizabeth Ann Mynard and they had four children. I believe that Thomas and Elizabeth are the parents of Charles, John and Walter. He Returned to Australia on March 14, 1919. (BPGHR)  Mynard, Walter Frank  (SN 36909) Walter enlisted in February 27, 1917 when he was 19. He Returned to Australia on September 6, 1919. BPGHR
Olsson, Alexander Emil  (Lieutenant)  Alexander was a 25 year old police constable when he enlisted on August 28, 1915. His next of kin was his mother, Antonetta, of Garfield. Alexander was born in Tynong. Alexander was the brother of Karl, below.  He Returned to Australia June 2, 1919.  GSSHROlsson, Karl Napier  (SN 3769) Karl enlisted February 27, 1917 aged 29. He was a carpenter and his next of kin at time of enlistment was his father Mr John Olsson of Garfield and later his wife Alice May Olsson of Vervale.  Karl Returned to Australia on July 20, 1919. GSSHR, BPGHR 
Orrock, Percy Newton (SN 3580) Percy enlisted on July 16 1915 and he was a 28 year old grocer. His next of kin was his father, David, of Tynong.  Percy was Killed in Action in France on February 8, 1917.  GHR
Ottaway, William Arthur  (SN 540)  William was born in New Zealand and his next of kin was his mother who lived in Scotland. He was living at Garfield when he enlisted at the age of 30 on September 21, 1914. William suffered a number of wounds and Returned to Australia on October 8, 1918. BPGHR
Pettman, George Edward  (SN 3908) George was born at Garfield and enlisted at the age of 18 on August 7, 1915. His next of kin was his father, Isaac, of Bunyip. George Returned to Australia on February 9, 1919. His brother, Isac, is listed on the Nar Nar Goon Honour Roll.
Pittman , RPittman, W  These  two are listed on the Garfield State School Honour Roll. I can’t work out who they are. According to articles in newspapers on Trove, there  was a W. Pittman who, in 1905,  had his house in Garfield destroyed by a  bush fire and later on  in 1907 was awarded  the ‘contract for sanitary services at Bunyip at 4d per pan, weekly service’  so I presume that they are connected to him.
Plant,  Lawrence (SN 1804)  Lawrence was born in Garfield and enlisted at Tynong on  December 30, 1914 at the age of 19.   His next of kin was his father, John.  Lawrence was Killed in Action in France on May 12, 1917. Lawrence is listed on the Bunyip War Memorial as well as the GSSHR, GHR, BPGHR
Pomeroy , Alfred John  (SN 2745) There is an A. Pomeroy listed on the Garfield School Roll and I believe it is Alfred. He was 23 when he enlisted on March 21, 1916. His occupation was farmer and his next of kin was his father Richard of Brunswick.   There was a Richard and Sarah Pomeroy listed in the Electoral Rolls at Bunyip South (Iona) from around 1905 to 1909 who I am assuming were his parents. Alfred Returned to Australia on July 1, 1919.  GSSHR
Pratt, Percy (SN 12369/7894) Percy was born in England and was living at Garfield when he enlisted on April 15, 1915 at the age of 26. He appears to have two enlistment records and one of them has his address as C/O Mr De Lacy Evans of Garfield. His occupation was ‘sheep station hand’.  Lance Corporal Pratt received the Military Medal in July 1917 and the Bar in February 1918. He Returned to Australia on April 5, 1919.
Ritchie, Sydney Richard (SN 6854)  Sydney was born in Garfield and enlisted on July 14, 1915. He was 36 and a blacksmith. Sergeant Ritchie Returned to Australia on March 9, 1919.
Roberts, Herman (SN 1276) Herman was born in Paynesville and enlisted on February 1, 1916, aged 33.  Herman Returned to Australia on June 16, 1919. He was a builder and is listed on the 1919 Electoral Roll at Garfield. BPGHR.
Robertson, John (SN 4576)  John enlisted on October 13, 1915, aged 22.  John’s enlistment papers say he was born in Garfield and his next of kin was his mother, Myrtle, who lived in Port Kembla. In reality, his name was Thomas Robinson, he was born in Drouin and was the son of George and Rachel (nee Clark) Robinson. Rachel lived in Wollongong during the War and she was a widow. It would be interesting to find out his true story.  He was Killed in Action, in France, on October 15, 1917. 
Robinson,  Alexander Patrick (SN 3216)  Alexander enlisted on November 1, 1916 aged 22.  He was a farmer from Garfield.  Alexander Died of Gas Poisoning in France on October 16, 1917. Alexander had also enlisted under another name, his real surname was Robas.  Correspondence in his file says that his parents were divorced and the location of his father was unknown and his mother, Lotttie Robas, was in Rhodesia and she didn’t find out about her son’s death until 1923.
Shreeve, Charles Frederick  (SN 338)  Charles was a farmer from Mount Marshall, Garfield and he enlisted on  May 4, 1916 aged 30. His next of kin was his father, William, of the same address. He Returned to Australia on April 19, 1919. BPGHR  Shreeve, James William.   Captain Shreeve enlisted on February 23, 1916.  James is the brother of Charles, above, and they are the sons of William and Emma (nee Daniels)  James was professional soldier , had served in the Boer War and was living in New South Wales when he enlisted.  He Returned to Australia on January 5, 1919.  GSSHR
Sims, Herbert Victor (SN 1999) Herbert enlisted at Bunyip on March 3, 1916, when he was 20. One source has his next of kin listed as Mrs G. Bird of Garfield. I believe this is Mrs George Bird, the wife of the baker.    Herbert stayed overseas for a time working for the Australian Graves Registration Detachment.
Steele, John  Alan Patterson (SN 2391) John was born in Garfield and enlisted  on  September 7, 1916. He was 20 year old. John was Wounded in Action on June 7, 1917 – gun shot wound left leg – and he was sent back to Australia on October 31, 1917 and was discharged as medically unit in February 1918.
Thomson, J Thomson, K  These two are listed on the Garfield State School Honour Roll. I can’t work out who they are - possibly connected to John and Ada Thomson – he was a railway employee and she was the postmistress at Tynong in the 1903 Electoral Roll; in the 1905 Roll we have a David Pratt Thomson and his wife Eliza at Bunyip North and in 1909 we  have a Mrs Mary Ann Thomson, occupation Sewing Mistress at Garfield.  I’m favouring that the connection is Mrs Thomson – just have to prove it. Any help appreciated.
Toner, Francis John (SN 5092)   Francis enlisted, at Bunyip, on March 3, 1916 at the age of 33. His next of kin was his mother, Catherine Toner of Garfield.  Francis was Killed in Action in France on March 20, 1917. There is a F. Tower listed on the Garfield Honour Roll -  I believe it should be Toner.   Francis is listed on the Bunyip War Memorial.  BPGHR.
Trasler, Harold  (SN 36918) Harold enlisted on February 28, 1917. He was born in England and was a 19 year farm hand, living at Garfield when he enlisted. As he was under 21 when he enlisted permission was given by his guardians, Thomas and Elizabeth Mynard.  Harold Returned to Australia on September 22, 1919. BPGHR.
Tynan, Daniel John  (SN 2171)  Daniel enlisted on March 3, 1916. He was a railway track repairer, 44 years old and his next of kin was his wife Emma and they lived in Garfield.  Daniel  Returned to Australia on March 25, 1919. BPGHR
Vaughan, Thomas  (SN 243) Thomas enlisted on February 5, 1916. He was 20 years old and his next of kin was his mother, Caroline, of Garfield.  Thomas Returned to Australia on January 18, 1919.  GSSHR, BPGHR
Wallace, E   This man is listed on the Garfield State School Honour Roll, but I cannot work out who he is. 
Watson, Albert  (SN 3664) Albert was 22 when he enlisted on August 25, 1915. His next of kin was his mother, Mrs Jessie Adamson of Garfield. Albert Died of Wounds, received on active service in Belgium, on March 9, 1918.  GSSHR, GHR, BPGHR
Webb, Elinglade (SN 26645)  Elinglade was born in Garfield and was 19 when he  enlisted on  March 15, 1916. His next of kin was his father, James, of Kensington. Elinglade was Killed in Action in Belgium on September 30, 1917.
Whiston, Frederick  (SN 3524) Fred enlisted on August 2, 1915 aged 23. Fred Died of Wounds received in action in France July 21, 1916.   GHR, BPGHRWhiston, John Ernest  (SN 3252)  John enlisted on August 7, 1915 aged 26. He Returned to Australia June 21, 1916 and was discharged as he was suffering from Otitis Media and he became deaf.  Whiston, Julian Thomas (SN 3526)  Julian enlisted on August 7, 1915 aged 18. He Died of Wounds received in action in France on  March 21, 1918. GHR, BPGHR. John, Fred and Julian are the sons of Frederick and Elizabeth (nee Oxenham) whose address was listed as both Garfield  and Cora Lynn.  John was born in Port Adelaide, Fred in Garfield and Julian was listed as being born at ‘Bunyip Swamp’ on his enlistment paper but he was actually born at Bunyip South or  Iona. Fred and Julian are also listed on the Bunyip War Memorial.
Wilson, Clifford Scott (SN 1016) Clifford was born at ‘Iona Station’ Garfield and was 19 when he enlisted on January 7, 1915. He was living on Queensland when he enlisted.  He Returned to Australia April 8, 1919.


The first Anzac Day commemorations

I have found some reports about the commemoration of ANZAC Day in 1916 in the region.  The local papers had lots of reports about fund raising events, send-offs for the local boys who enlisted and sad news about injuries and deaths but I was interested in any reports that specifically referred to Anzac.

The Lang Lang Guardian covered reports from Lang Lang and Yallock (see below) The Pakenham Gazette/Berwick Shire News, which covered Pakenham, Berwick and parts of the Koo-wee-Rup Swamp, had two reports of Anzac commemorations held at the Berwick and Harkaway State Schools (see below)  The Dandenong Advertiser advertised a Patriotic Picnic Meeting at Pakenham on Anzac Day to raise money for the Red Cross.  The picnic had pony races, ‘flag and barrel’ races; ‘pitching the sheaf’ ‘throwing at wicket’ and ‘kicking football for goal’ events. The Advertiser also reported that Pakenham Upper, Pakenham, Toomuc Valley and Pakenham South schools had concerts planned.  The South Bourke and Mornington Journal, which also covered this area, reported only on an event at Dandenong State School.

There was an article in The Argus of April 22, 1916 which indicated that all Schools in the State held a service - The landing of the Australian and New Zealand soldiers on Gallipoli was commemorated in all the State schools of Victoria on Thursday by simple yet impressive ceremonies. The actual anniversary day is April 25, but Thursday was selected as the day of commemoration because next week the school children will be on holiday. 

So, it seems likely that all schools in Victoria must have held a ceremony similar to those at the schools mentioned in the reports below.

Lang Lang
The anniversary of the day on which the Australian and New Zealand soldiers landed on Gallipoli was celebrated at the Lang Lang State School on Thursday last. In the morning the ordinary school programme was carried out and in the afternoon a number of parents and friends assembled while the students sang Kipling’s ‘ Lest we Forget’, ‘ O God our help in ages past’ and the National Anthem, including the verse ‘God bless our splendid men’. The ceremony of saluting the flag was also gone through and the declaration made: ‘I love God and my Country, I will serve the King and cheerfully obey my parents, teachers and the laws’. During the afternoon short and appropriate addresses were delivered by the Rev H. De Putron Hitchcock and Mr W. Cole.
Lang Lang Guardian April 26 1916

Yallock
Anzac Day was celebrated at Yallock School on Thursday. The Rev H. De Putron Hitchcock addressed the children early in the afternoon owing to his having to attend a similar function at Lang Lang at 2 o’clock. The ladies supplied lunch for  the children in their usual sumptuous manner after which a new flag was unfurled and then the Education Department’s programme was adhered to with songs and recitation by the children who did credit to their teacher, Miss Merrigan, who has had the charge of the school for so short a time. Tennis for the grown-ups and races for the children filled in the rest of the afternoon when tea was served and all left for home having thoroughly enjoyed the outing.
Lang Lang Guardian April 26 1916

Harkaway
At the Anzac Day celebrations at Harkaway school an address was delivered in the morning by Mr G. O. Lyon,chairman of the school committee, and in the afternoon an address was given by Cr a’Beckett, correspondent of the committee.
Berwick Shire News May 3, 1916

Berwick
The report in the Berwick Shire News of April 26, 1916 about the Anzac Day celebrations at Berwick School was many paragraphs long. It started by saying that the event was a great success. There was a large attendance of both adult and children and the proceedings throughout were very interesting. The programme was opened by the children singing Kipling’s Recessional hymn ‘God of Our fathers’.

Cr a’Beckett later spoke It was a very important occasion. They had Arbor Day, Bird Day, Empire Day and he understood they were to have a Flower Day, but in the future Anzac Day would be the greatest of them all, as it was a time when they would meet to show their appreciation of and gratitude for the noble deeds of our soldiers at Gallipoli, where many had given their lives for King and Country. All should be proud of their feat of arms. We all believed that they were fighting in a good cause.  Cr a’Beckett went on to say  It was the greatest of sacrifices to lay down one’s  life for a friend , yet many of our soldiers had done this and it would be hoped that such acts of heroism would never be forgotten.  

Cr A’Beckett then presented the school with their Roll of Honour and read the names of the old scholars who had enlisted, numbering 51.  Sergeant Gardiner then spoke, followed by Sergeant-major Leo Rankine.  The Principal, Mr McCann then proposed  a hearty vote of thanks to the speakers. The article reported that the school had raised over £40 for the war effort and the girls had made  a large number of articles and that they also sold 116 Anzac badges. The proceedings closed with the evening hymn, ‘Abide with me’. The children saluted the flag and lollies and fruit were then handed around.  
Berwick Shire News April 26, 1915.

Battle to farm: WW1 Soldier Settlement Records in Victoria

The Public Records Office of Victoria have digitised their Soldier Settlement Records from 1917 to 1935. This is the website - http://soldiersettlement.prov.vic.gov.au/ According to the website - Reports from the time indicated there were around 11,000 farms created, although it seems likely this figure includes successful applicants to the scheme who did not end up going on to the land.  Whether there were 11,000 applicants or farms - that's a lot of records and it makes you realise what an extraordinary amount of work the Public Records Office has undertaken to make these records available.

You can search these records by the name of the soldier or by the location of their farm. I just clicked on the map at random and came up with  Ernest  Russell Proctor's file. Mr Proctor had 43 acres, Allotment 44, Section J parish of Koo-Wee-Rup,  on McDonalds Drain Road in Pakenham South. Ernest applied for the land in October 1918.  His file is 6 pages long  - the first page is reproduced below.


Other pages in his file have information about him - marital status, previous farming experience, current assets etc.  There is also a page that lists what happened to the farm, for instance, this farm was transferred to another owner in 1926.

The website highlights the stories of a few individual settlers including that of Percy Pepper, one of the few Indigenous servicemen to be granted a Soldier Settlement block, in this case in Koo-Wee-Rup. Percy was on the farm from 1918 until 1924, when like many farmers on the Koo-Wee-Rup Swamp he was defeated by the many floods. Unfortunately we cannot see Percy's original file  'most likely because the original file is affected by mould' is the PROV notation.



I have taken a screen-shot of the area of the  map, which covers our region and out-lined it in red (to the best of my abilities) - each black balloon represents at least one soldier settlement farm - so I estimate that there must have been at least 200 farms in the region.

These records make fascinating reading and give an insight into how many soldiers lived thier life after their return from fighting in the Great war.

1914-1918 Victorian Newspapers: commemorating the World War 1 centenary.

The State Library of Victoria  has helped digitise and make available online via Trove,  216 Victorian community newspapers from the Great War period.  These papers can be searched through a portal on the State Library website - www.slv.vic.gov.au/digitised-wwi-victorian-newspapers or through Trove.

These newspapers provide a rich source of information about how our communities lived during the Great War - from reports about how  communities raised funds for the War effort, names of soldiers who enlisted, reports about welcome home functions to reports about the erection of Honour Boards and other memorials.

Here's a list of the papers which covered the Casey Cardinia region:

Berwick Shire News
Bunyip Free Press
Dandenong Advertiser
Koo-Wee-Rup Sun
Lang Lang Guardian
Pakenham Gazette
Reporter (Box Hill - covered news from the Shire of Fern Tree Gully which Emerald was part of)
South Bourke and Mornington  Journal
West Gippsland Gazette

The Age and The Argus, the two state wide dailies, plus the Weekly Times  also include local news.

Here are some early reports on the War from the local papers.




This is from the South Bourke and Mornington Journal from August 6, 1914.

Editorial from the West Gippsland Gazette August 11, 1914

Finally, just to show that for some businesses, a war is a just another marketing opportunity, here's a great advertisement form the Bunyip Free Press!




Bunyip Free Press August 6. 1914.

Emerald ANZAC walk and Beaconsfield Avenue of Honour plaques

You are invited to attend these two events that honour the Great War soldiers from the Emerald Community and the Beaconsfield Community. All welcome.

March 11, 2015 at 11.30am

Emerald ANZAC Walk and ANZAC Place

The Governor General, Sir Peter Cosgrove, will  officially open the Emerald ANZAC Walk and ANZAC Place.

The Walk honours the sacrifice of the 32 soldiers, from Emerald, who enlisted in the Great War and did not return.

The organisers have put together a visual extravaganza of returning Emerald station to the 1915 era. Puffing Billy’s oldest train and passenger carriages along with a timber transporting carriage, a big band supplied by HMAS Cerberus, soldiers dressed in WW1 uniforms re-enacting returning from the War, children dressed in period costumes, and a smattering of Veteran cars help create this event. Add to this the Governor General arriving on the train with soldiers and school children and you will be witnessing a  spectacular event. All welcome.

More information: Visit the Emerald RSL website www.emeraldrsl.com.au


Friday, March 13 2015 at 10.00am

Beaconsfield Avenue of Honour Plaques

Mr Daniel Mulino MP will officially open the Plaques at  Beaconsfield Park, corner of Old Princes Highway and Emerald Road and afterwards for morning tea at the Beaconsfield Tennis Club, Perc Allison Reserve, Beaconsfield - Emerald Rd.
(Please park in Perc Allison Reserve/Tennis club car park)

The plaques honour the memory of the 65 servicemen from Beaconsfield and district who served in the Great War. These soldiers originally had  a plaque under a tree in the Beaconsfield -Berwick Avenue of Honour, but the original plaques have since been removed.

The ceremony will also include the launch of the booklet/digital Beaconsfield Avenue of Honour Servicemen remembered by Cardinia Shire Mayor Cr Leticia Wilmot.

Beaconsfield War Memorial

The Beaconsfield War Memorial was officially opened on Saturday March, 13 1920 by General Brand. At the opening ceremony, the President of the Memorial Committee, Mr W. Nixon said that he was proud of the fact that 33 men had enlisted from there. All regretted that 9 of these had been called upon to make the Supreme Sacrifice. 

Pakenham Gazette March 19, 1920

The Memorial only has the names of the nine men who did not return, and they are listed below with their Service Numbers (SN) so you can look up their full record on the National Archives of Australia website.
Bragg, Arthur Robert (SN 2564) Arthur was 39 when he enlisted on August 2, 1915. His next of kin was his wife, Emily, who owned the Central Hotel in Beaconsfield. He was reported missing in France on July 28, 1916 and  a later Court of Enquiry determined that he had been Killed in Action on July 19, 1914. We have come  across Arthur before in this blog as he was in a list of men who had played football for Berwick and who enlisted. You can read about these footballers and Arthur and a fairly salacious report about his divorce from Emily here
Childs, Albert George  (SN 2599)  Albert enlisted on July 7, 1915. He was born in England and was a 29 year old dairyman. His father was his next of kin, from Bridport in Dorset where Albert was born, His address on the Nominal Roll is Primrose Park, Beaconsfield, however he is listed as living at Nar Nar Goon in the 1914 Electoral Roll and so he is also honoured on the Nar Nar Goon Honour Roll which is at the Nar Nar Goon Public Hall.
Christie, John Leslie  (SN 3054) He was listed as L. Christie on the Memorial, so it seems like he was known as Leslie, so that's what we will call him.  Leslie was born in Lang Lang and was 25 years old when he enlisted on July 22, 1915. His next of kin was his father, William Christie of Beaconsfield.  Leslie was listed as missing and a Court of Enquiry determined that he was Killed in Action on July 19, 1916, in France. 
Dineley, Edward Bernard (SN 1151)  Edward was born in Charters Towers and was a 22 year old engineer when he enlisted on Match 22, 1916. His next of kin was his mother, Mary Dineley, who had the Cardinia Park Hotel at Beaconsfield.  Edward was Wounded in Action in Belgium and he died from these wounds on September 22, 1917.


Beaconsfield War  MemorialPhotograph courtesy of the  Casey Cardinia Remembers websitewww.caseycardiniaremembers.org.au
Harbour, Herbert Joel  (SN 3337) Herbert enlisted on July 19, 1915.  He was 27 years old, born in Beaconsfield and his next of kin was his father, John, of Beaconsfield. Herbert was Killed in Action, in France, on February 2, 1917.
Manning, George William Harold (SN 219)  George enlisted on August 17, 1914. He was 20 year old salesman. His next of kin was his father, J.G Manning of Beaconsfield. I presume this is John Goodyear Manning, who is listed in the 1914 Electoral roll at Beaconsfield.  George died of wounds, which were received whilst fighting at Gallopoli,  on August 8, 1915. 
McNaughton, Hugh (SN 3869b)  Hugh enlisted on August 2, 1915. He was 31 and his next of kin was his mother, Mary McNaughton of Beaconsfield. Hugh was Wounded in Action on October 16, 1917, suffering gun shot wounds to the head and arm. He was sent back to Australia on the hospital ship, the Euripides, which reached Melbourne on March 21, 1918.  He was discharged from the AIF on May 1, 1918 and died at the Caulfield Hospital on May 16, 1918.
Osborne, James Patrick (SN 2733)  James was born in Walhalla and enlisted on August 2, 1915 aged 36. His next of kin was his mother, Bridget Osborne, of 'Lower Beaconsfield', I assume some people still called the town around the Railway Station that to distinguish it from Upper Beaconsfield. James was Killed in Action in France on August 19, 1916.
Tucker, John Frederick  (SN 2795)  John was an orphan and he enlisted at the age of 22 on August 2, 1915. his next of kin was listed as his employee, Mr A. W Shorthouse of Upper Beaconsfield. There is an Arthur William Shorthouse in the  Electoral Rolls, so I believe this is him.  John was Killed in Action in Belgium on September 3, 1916. There is a letter on his service file at the National Archives, from Mr Shorthouse, requesting John's medals. Mr Shorthouse said that John had no blood relations and had lived and worked with him for eight years, prior to which he was an Orphanage boy. The AIF would not give him the medals as the Deceased Soldiers' Estate Act had  a prescribed list of whom the medals were to go to (they had to go to a blood relation) and suggested that Mr Shorthouse get a Statutory Declaration setting out his claim. This was in March 1921 and the file does not tell us whether Mr Shorthouse was successful.

Bunyip Methodist Church Roll of Honour

The Bunyip Methodist Church Roll of Honour is in the Uniting Church at Bunyip. The Bunyip Methodist Church was in High Street, just up from the Post Office, and officially opened on October 8, 1899 and by 1902 the Church had been lined, a new porch added and,  later, a Vestry added. The Church closed in the 1970s and was later demolished.



Bunyip Methodist ChurchSource: Call of the Bunyip by Denise Nest.
There are 25 names on the Honour Roll and I did naturally expect that they might all have been Methodists , however only 12 were. Five said they were Church of England, four were Presbyterian, one was Catholic and one was Baptist and two had no religion stated. So either the Bunyip Methodists were a very ecumenical lot or else there were some mistakes made at the time. Either way this is an interesting list and is an example of one of the thousands of Honour Boards established after the War by churches, schools and businesses.

Here is a list of the 25 servicemen and their Service Number (SN) so you can look up their full record on the National Archives of Australia website www.naa.gov.au  If you want to read about the other men from Bunyip who enlisted and are on the Bunyip War Memorial, then click here.
Barnett, Charles Henry  (SN 1673) Charles was born in 1896 in Bunyip. In June 1912 he signed up to Royal Australian Navy for seven years. He was on the Cerberus, the Protector and the Sydney. He was in Navy until 1921.  Charles and Clifford, below, were the sons of William and Emma (nee Mills) They were at Bunyip  from at least 1896 when Charles was born and were on the Electoral Roll at Bunyip  to 1912, but not on the Roll in 1914.

Barnett, Clifford (SN  2257)  Clifford was born in 1898 and he joined the Royal Australian Navy in October 1912, perhaps inspired by his brother, Charles, above. He was on the Tingira, the Australia, the Platypus and the Cerberus. Clifford was in the Navy until 1923.

Bastin,  John Alfred (SN 2339)  John was born in Bunyip and was a fisherman. He enlisted on January 7, 1916 and his next of kin was his father, Alfred Bastin. He Returned to Australia on March 14, 1919. His stated religion was Church of England.

Campigli, Donald Hugh (SN 7460)  Donald  enlisted on December 11, 1914 and served in Gallipoli where he was awarded the Distinguished Conduct Medal, was later at Dardenelles, and was discharged February 1916 but then rejoined  on July 16, 1917 and Returned to Australia April 1920.   On his second enlistment he was  one of the 'Sportsmen's Thousand' a 1917 campaign to encourage sportsmen to join the AIF. His father, James, was the Station Master at Bunyip from February 1901 to May 1904 but the family had been in Bunyip earlier than that as Donald was born there in 1896. His stated religion was Presbyterian.



Australian War Memorial collection ARTV00026
Dale,  Charles Coning.  Lieutenant Dale enlisted on November 3, 1914. His next of Kin was his wife, Sibyl,  of Canning Street, North Carlton. Charles was a soldier and had already spent three years at the Royal Military College at Duntroon.   He was Killed in Action August 7, 1915 at Gallipoli. Charles was born in Longwarry in 1894 and his parents, James and Elizabeth,  are on the 1903 Electoral roll at Bunyip. His stated religion was Presbyterian. Charles left behind a widow who had the delightful name of Sybil Daffodill (nee Wootten) whom he married in 1914. They had  a little girl, Valda Rita, who was born in 1915. Did he ever get to see his daughter? I suspect not as he left Australia on February 25, 1915.

Forsyth,  Robert Bruce   (SN 203) Robert enlisted on August 18, 1914. He was the son of William Forsyth of Bunyip. According to Call of the Bunyip, William had worked on the drainage of the Koo-Wee-Rup Swamp and Robert was born near Five Mile (Koo-Wee-Rup North) William was allocated  a block on the Main Drain near the Juction bridge.  William was the Superintendent of the Methodist Sunday School as well as being a member of the Salvation Army. In spite of this, Robert said he was a Presbyterian when he enlisted.  Robert was twice mentioned in Dispatches and was awarded the Military Cross. Captain Forsyth Returned to Australia November 6, 1918.

Heatley Edward (SN 6945a)  Listed as Heatly on the Honour Roll. Edward enlisted on October 19, 1917. He was a farm labourer and his next of kin was his father, William, of Bunyip. His stated religion was Roman Catholic. He Returned to Australia on July 1, 1919.

Heatley, William Henry (SN 246 and 5603) Listed as H, Heatly on the Honour Roll, so we will call him Henry.  Henry enlisted on December 24, 1914 was discharged on June 18, 1915 as he was medically unfit due to 'small multiple subcutaneaous tremors and variciceie'. He re-enlisted on February 8, 1916, served in France and then  Returned to Australia on November 5, 1917. He was discharged from the AIF in August 1918 as he was medically unfit due to 'multiple lipomata and debility'. His father William Heatley of Bunyip was his next of kin, though this later changed to his wife Muriel. His stated religion was Church of England. In spite of the difference of religion I believe that Edward (above) and Henry were brothers - the sons of William and Margaret (nee Hannan).

Jenkin,  Samuel  (SN 6533)  Samuel and his wife Alexandrina lived in Bunyip and he enlisted on October 4, 1915.  He was a farmer. He Returned to Australia on May 4, 1919. His stated religion was Methodist.

Jewell,  John George (SN 55)   John enlisted on August 22, 1914. He Returned to Australia on January 23, 1918. John was born in Bunyip and his next of kin was his father, William, of Bunyip, although the 1914 Electoral Roll have William and his wife Elizabeth at Tonimbuk. Call of the Bunyip  says that the Jewells had fifty acres as part of the Tonimbuk Village Settlement Scheme and they arrived at Tonimbuk around 1892. John's stated religion was Church of England.

Masters,  Percy Thomas (SN 1777 or 1580) Percy enlisted on January 4, 1915. Percy was awarded the Military Medal. He Returned to Australia on March 9, 1919. He was the son of  William and Clara Masters of Bunyip. His stated religion was Methodist.

Miles,  Eric Clive  (SN 3733)  Eric was born in Bunyip and he enlisted on December 15, 1917, when he was 18 years old. His next of kin was his father, Henry Miles of  Bunyip.  He Returned to Australia on July 1, 1919. His stated religion was Methodist.

Miles,  Ronald Birkett  (SN 2715) Ronald enlisted on August 2, 1915, when he was 20.   His parents were William and Mary Miles of Bunyip.  He Returned to Australia on December 21, 1918. His stated religion was Methodist.

Miles, William Joseph  (SN 3388) William was 29 when he enlisted on November 4, 1916 . He was a farmer from Bunyip and his wife Harriet was his next of kin. William was born at Mt Doran, as well  Ronald, above, so I assume they were brothers.  He Returned to Australia on July 13, 1919.   His stated religion was Methodist.



Bunyip Methodist Church Honour Roll
Morrison,  George Alfred   (SN 2135) George enlisted at Bunyip on July 27, 1915. His next of kin was his mother, Sarah Morrison of Bunyip. George was awarded the Meritorious Service Medal. He Returned to Australia April 19, 1919. His stated religion was Methodist.

Mouser,  George   Lieutenant George Mouser  enlisted on May 1, 1916. He Returned to Australia on July 24, 1919. His next of kin was his father, John Mouser of Narre Warren. John was the Station Master at Narre Warren from July 1915 to August 1918 and had also been the Station Master at Beaconsfield from June 1912 to March 1914.  John is listed on the 1903 Electoral Roll at Bunyip, occupation Railway employee, so that's the Bunyip connection. George is also honoured on the Narre Warren War Memorial. His stated religion was Methodist.

Pomeroy,  Alfred John (SN 2745)  Alfred was born at Beulah and he enlisted on March 21, 1916. His next of kin was his father Richard of Barrow Street in Brunswick. His stated religion was Methodist. He Returned to Australia on July 1, 1919. What is his Bunyip connection?  Richard and Sarah Pomeroy are listed in the 1903 and 1909 Electoral Rolls at Bunyip South (Iona); in the Victorian Births Index there is an Alfred John born in 1893 to a Richard and Sarah Pomeroy at Beulah, so I am convinced that Alfred is our man. It would seem that Richard and Sarah are some of the hundreds of families that moved to the Koo-Wee-Rup Swamp in the 1890s and early 1900s due to the availability of land.

Ransom,  Harry  (SN 6366)   Harry was a 19 year old postal assistant when he enlisted on July 21, 1916. He Returned to Australia on December 11, 1918. His stated religion was Methodist. His next of kin was his father, Harry, who was then Station Master at Tallarook. Harry senior had been the Station Master at Bunyip from June 1908 to November 1910, so it is likely that Harry and his brother Herbert, see below, attended school at Bunyip.

Ransom,  Herbert William (SN 128) Herbert enlisted on August 18, 1914. He was 19 and like his brother, Harry, above, he was also a postal employee. At the time he enlisted his father was at Maffra. His stated religion was Baptist. Herbert suffered a gun shot wound to the abdomen and the bullet was still in his body as an operation was not considered necessary. Harry was discharged from the AIF on medical grounds and Returned to Australia on October 8, 1915.  

Spence, James Sinclair (SN 10339) James was 30 when he enlisted on August 2, 1915. He was an Inspector at the Melbourne & Metropolitan Board of Works. His next of was his wife Jessie. He Returned to Australia on May 11, 1918. His stated religion was Methodist.  James, Malcolm and Russell (see below) were brothers. They were the sons of James and Zillah (nee Ward) Spence, who came to Bunyip in 1892. Both James and Zillah had died  by the time their sons enlisted.  (Information from Call of the Bunyip) The three boys all stated that they were Methodists on their enlistment papers.

Spence, Malcolm (SN 4614) Malcolm enlisted on August 31, 1915, his next of kin was his sister, Harriet Walker of Bunyip. He was 22 years of age and was a postal employee. He was Killed in Action, in France, on July, 20, 1916.  Malcolm is the brother of James and Russell. Malcolm is also listed on the Bunyip War Memorial.

Spence,  Russell Ayres (SN 3555)  Was enlisted when he was 19, on July 8, 1915. He was a taxi driver and his cousin was his next of kin. He suffered from various wounds and diseases and was still in hospital in England in 1919. He is listed in the 1924 Electoral roll at Footscray, so obviously came back to Australia. He later had a farm in Bunyip and he was the Superintendent of the Methodist Sunday School.  Russell is the brother of James and Malcolm.

Wheeler,  Ernest James (SN 22329)  Ernest enlisted  on January 10, 1916 His next of kin was his mother, Henrietta Wheeler of Bunyip. Ernest was a tile maker from Mitchum and he Returned to Australia May 29, 1919.  His stated religion was Church of England.

Withington,  Robert Charles     Major Withington was a Medical Practitioner who enlisted on December 2, 1915 at the age of 41.   He Returned to Australia March 16, 1919.   According to Call of the Bunyip, Dr Withington was Bunyip's first resident doctor. Robert, his wife Eleanor and daughter, Rewa, and had arrived there in 1904 from Fiji where he had been a Missionary Doctor. They had two other daughters, Irene and Elizabeth, born when they were at Bunyip.  Call of the Bunyip also says that Dr Withington held the distinction of being the first person in the Bunyip district to suffer in a motor accident when his car was hit by a passenger train. His stated religion on his enlistment paper was Presbyterian, however Call of the Bunyip says that the family was Methodist. After the family lived at St Georges Road in Elsternwick.

Williams,  Thomas Trevor (SN 7575)  Thomas was born in Bunyip and enlisted on July 18, 1917. His next of was his father, Benjamin, who lived in Elsternwick. He was 18 years and 2 months old at the time of his enlistment. He Returned to Australia on March 21, 1919. His stated religion was Church of England.

Nar Nar Goon and Nar Nar Goon North State School Honour Rolls

There are 51 soldiers listed on the Nar Nar Goon  Honour Board and 15 soldiers listed on the Nar Nar Goon North State School Honour Board. Eleven men are on both the Honour Rolls, thus 55 different men are honoured by having their name on the Honour Rolls.  The Nar Nar Goon Honour Board is at the Nar Nar Goon Public Hall and the Nar Nar Goon North State School Roll is at the Nar Nar Goon North Public Hall. The Nar Nar Goon North School, opened in 1889 and closed when it was amalgamated into Pakenham Consolidated School.

According to Discovering ANZACs and the Australian ANZACs in the Great War websites  there were 50 men who were either born or enlisted in Nar Nar Goon. Of the 55 men on the Honour Rolls only 22 are amongst the 50 listed on Discovering ANZACs and  Australian ANZACs in the Great War' websites.  Once again, it would be interesting to know how the local community selected the men who would be honoured on the War Memorials as obviously some with a local connection were not chosen.



Nar Nar Goon North State School Honour BoardPhotograph courtesy of the  Casey Cardinia Remembers websitewww.caseycardiniaremembers.org.au
Here is  a list of the soldiers with their Service Number (SN) so you can look up their full service record on the National Archives of Australia website, www.naa.gov.au

Aalto, Atolf Aleksanter (SN 3676)  Listed as Alto on the Honour Roll. Atolf was born in Nystad in Finland, he was a miner, he was Naturalised on July 6, 1915  and he enlisted at Bendigo on July 29, 1915. Atolf  was awarded the Military Medal and he Returned to Australia May 4, 1919. The Australian War Memorial website has used Atolf as a case study for their Education section - you can read about him here. What is his connection to Nar Nar Goon? He obviously spent some time there after his arrival in Australia  and before he enlisted at Bendigo. I can't find him in the Electoral Rolls after the War but there is a Adolf Aalto listed in the United States Federal Census, living in Michigan. He is the right age and arrived in the U.S in 1919. Is this the same man?

Blackwell, Gilbert Darlow (SN 4137) Gilbert enlisted July 12, 1915. He was the son of William and Primrose Blackwell who are listed in the Electoral Rolls at Nar Nar Goon in 1914; William  was a boot maker. Gilbert Returned to Australia on July 4, 1919.

Blackwell, Bernard Robert (listed as R,B on the Honour Roll) Bernard was also the son of William and Primrose. He enlisted on October 2, 1916. He had 'Bronchial Asthma' and was considered unfit for Military Service and was discharged in March 1917

Cahir, Joseph Keith (SN 960) It seems that he was known as Keith by his family, so that's what we will call him - Keith enlisted on October 1, 1914. His next of kin was listed as his sister, Stella Maris Cahir, of Mt Ararat house, Nar Nar Goon. Keith was reported missing in August 1915, held as a Prisoner of War in Turkey and not released until the end of the War in 1918. Keith had malaria in prison and then caught Spanish Influenza when he was released. He Returned to Australia on December 2, 1918. Keith is on both Honour Rolls.

Carter, George Henry (SN 2314)   I had no idea who this was and there were 32 G. Carters who had enlisted so I started going through their records to find a Nar Nar Goon connection and on the 20th one I found George! George enlisted on June 30, 1916. His occupation was a trapper, he was born in Yorkshire and his next of kin was his friend, Samuel Batten of Nar Nar Goon. He was Killed in Action, in France,  on April 5, 1918. However on the Honour Roll, George was not listed as dying in the War, so I am now unsure whether this is the correct G. Carter, but having gone though all the G. Carters I still have no-one else with any local connection, tenuous though this one is. As  a matter of interest, George was only 18 when he enlisted and he claimed both his parents were dead, however it turns out that his father lived in California and he didn't find out that his son had enlisted or been killed until 1919.

Castle, Frederick William (SN 1213) Frederick enlisted on July 26, 1915. His next of kin was his mother, Frances Castle of Nar Nar Goon and he was a saw miller. He Returned to Australia May 29, 1919.

Chatfield, Frederick Norman (SN 62) Frederick enlisted on February 25, 1916 and he was a 'chaff cutter feeder'. His next of kin was his mother, Mary Chatfield of Nar Nar Goon. He was discharged from the Army on April 19, 1920.

Childs, Albert George (SN 2599) Listed as Child on the Honour Roll. Albert enlisted in Melbourne on July 9, 1915, his occupation was Dairyman. He was born in England, his address on the Nominal Roll is Primrose Park, Beaconsfield, however he is listed as living at Nar Nar Goon in the 1914 Electoral Roll. Albert Died of Wounds on August 5, 1917 in France.

Dore, David (SN 2637a) David was born at Nar Nar Goon and when he enlisted on July 20, 1915 his next of kin was his uncle, Mr J, Dore of Nar Nar Goon. He was 18 years old and was an orphan. He was Killed in Action in France on August 9, 1918. David is on both Honour Rolls.

Drummond,  Walter Neil (SN 2571)  The only W.N Drummond I could locate was this Walter, he was a Blacksmith and was born in Eskdale and was from Officer, which is only two railway stops west of Nar Nar Goon, so this could well be our man. He was the son of  William and Margaret Drummond. of Pinehurst, Officer. Walter enlisted June 28, 1915. He Returned to Australia on April 13, 1919.

Edwards E.S -  I don't know who this is - The only E.S Edwards I can find is  Ernest Samuel Edwards (SN 1346) from Walhalla, he is a stoker and blacksmith.  There is an Ernest Edwards (SN 5327) who was a blacksmith from Longwarry (just four railway stops east of  Nar Nar Goon) There was a John Edwards who was the Station Master at Tynong from 1914 to 1917, so was E.S Edwards connected to him? There was also a Thomas Henry and Christine Edwards in the Electoral Roll at Nar Nar Goon in 1914 - so E.S Edwards connected to them?  Any help appreciated.

Ferguson, Alexander  (SN 798) There is a Nina Grace Lambert Ferguson listed at Nar Nar Goon on the Electoral Roll in 1914 and an Alexander Ferguson listed at Pakenham; there is also a marriage of a Nina Grace Lambert Heeps to an Alexander Ferguson in 1913. Alexander Ferguson (SN 798) enlisted on July 26, 1917 and his next of kin was his wife, Nina Grace L. Ferguson of Prahran. Alexander was born in South Australia, but given the evidence from the Electoral Roll I believe this is the correct man.  Alexander Returned to Australia on April 27, 1919. Alexander leased his farm to enlist, Nina must have moved to Prahran and during the War she moved to Portland and later on was on the Electoral Roll in St Kilda, but Alexander wasn't listed at all so did they divorce, live separately or did he just refuse to be enrolled?


Pakenham Gazette May 25, 1917.
Gaskett, Albert James (SN 1481) Albert was 19, a farmer from Nar Nar Goon, when he enlisted on November 9, 1915. He Returned to Australia on July 17, 1919. Albert is on both Honour Rolls.

Gaskett, William John  (SN 1830) William enlisted on February 2, 1916, when he was 20.  He Returned to Australia on July 21, 1917. William and George are brothers. William is on both Honour Rolls.

Harris, Leo  (SN 3132)  Leo enlisted on July 20, 1915. He was the son of Josephine Harris of Nar Nar Goon. he was Killed in Action, in France, on August 9, 1916.

Heffernan, William  There are nine W. Heffernans who enlisted, all called William, so we can be pretty sure his name is William - but I cannot find a W, Heffernan with a local connection. William is only on  the Nar Nar Goon North State School Honour Board , so I presume he went to school there - no William Heffernans are teachers, so he didn't teach there. Any help appreciated.

Holcombe, Archibald Jones (SN 68586)  Born in Wales and he was the son of Francis Holcombe of Nar Nar Goon. He enlisted on July 1, 1918 when he was 19 and embarked on October 22, however the troop ship was recalled to Australia due to the end of the War, so Archie did not see any active service, not through the want of trying it seems. There is a Statutory Declaration signed by Archie on July 1, 1918 stating that his mother and father refused to sign the verification paper, stating that he could go if he wished, but that they would sign nothing!

Huby,  Walter Percy Clarence  (SN 11351) He seems to have been known as Clarence, so that's what we will call him. Clarence enlisted on June 6, 1915 and he Returned to Australia on November 7, 1919. Clarence was born in York, England and his next of kin when he enlisted was his mother also from York. He married Ada Hollick, in England on October 16, 1919. Clarence's occupation was sawyer on his Enlistment papers and 'mill labourer' in the 1914 Electoral Roll when he was living at Nar Nar Goon. In the 1924 Electoral Rolls he and Ada are living at Gembrook, where he is commemorated in the Avenue of Honour. Clarence also enlisted for service in World War Two.

Jones,  Arthur Alfred Charles   (SN 5117) Arthur enlisted on January 4, 1916. He was living with his aunt in Northcote at the time, but his next of kin was his father, Robert Jones on Nar Nar Goon. He Returned to Australia on September 6, 1919.

Northcote Leader  October 26, 1918

Keddie, Bert John (SN 4833) Bert was a School Teacher, born in Stratford and his father who was his next of kin lived at Murrumbeena.  When he enlisted on January 1, 1916, he was 20 and was teaching at Ouyen State School and had received leave from the Education Department to enlist. He Returned to Australia on September 25, 1919, but before he returned had married Jean Hamilton on April 16, 1919 in Scotland. Bert and his brother Thomas, below, are only on the Nar Nar Goon North State School Honour Board.
Keddie, Thomas Lee Heard (SN 856)  Thomas, like his brother Bert, above, was born in Stratford and was also a School Teacher. He was at Byaduk State School (south of Hamilton) when he enlisted, at age 24, on  August 18, 1914. He was discharged on December 12, 1915 as he was medically unfit after suffering s gun shot wound on April 25, 1915. He then re-enlisted on June 19, 1916 and was discharged on August 1, 1916.   So what was the connection of the Keddie boys to Nar Nar Goon?  A Richard James Keddie was  a teacher at Nar Nar Goon in in 1909-1910 - his wife's name was Ethel, so they are not their parents, but is he the connection? The boy's parents are James and Jane - James is listed in the Electoral Roll as being a Railway employee - did he work at Nar Nar Goon and the boys went to school there? 

The Argus May 17, 1915


Kidd,  James Edward  (SN 64477) James enlisted on May 21, 1918. He was 20 years old and his father, James, was a blacksmith at Nar Nar Goon.  He Returned to Australia on July 3, 1919.

Lamb, Charles Hargrave (SN 3092)  Charles was the son Joseph and Annie Lamb.  Joseph Lamb was listed in the 1909 and 1914 Electoral Rolls at Nar Nar Goon, his occupation was boot maker. When Charles enlisted on February 2, 1917 his father was deceased and his mother, Annie, lived in East Brunswick. Charles was Killed in Action, in Belgium, on October 4, 1917.

Ledger,  John  (SN 4666) John enlisted on September 9, 1916 as Francis George Moore. he said he was 19 years and three months old, was born in Nar Nar Goon, he said he was an orphan and his next of kin was his Guardian, Mrs R.E. Smith of Nar Nar Goon. He Returned to Australia on July 7, 1919. There is a statutory declaration in his file, signed September 23, 1919 which says that he enlisted under the assumed name of Francis George Moore as at the time he was under eighteen years of age. He requested that all the records be amended so that his correct name was listed. Was he really an orphan? There is a Rosalie Emma Smith listed in the Electoral Roll at Nar Nar Goon in 1914, so she existed, and he obviously had some contact with Nar Nar Goon as he was recognised on the Honour Roll.  Ironically, when he returned from active service, lets say he was 17 when he joined up, he would only have been 20 when he returned, still not old enough to enrol to vote! You certainly have to admire his spirit.

Lia,  Matthew (SN 471) Matthew enlisted in Lithgow, N.S.W, on January 2, 1916. His next of kin was his father, Joseph Lia of Nar Nar Goon.  Matthew was awarded the Military Medal. After the War he was granted leave for 'non military employment' at A.C Carson Artificial Flower Manufacturing Company  and was discharged on June 7, 1920.

Liston,  James   (SN 4151)  The Honour Board has a C. Liston  listed, but the only Liston  I could find with a Nar Nar Goon connection was James. James was 40 when he enlisted on October 13, 1915. His occupation was Bushman and his next of kin was Mrs Annie Mitchell of Nar Nar Goon. He was born in Sale and enlisted in Sydney and Returned to Australia on December 10, 1918.

Madden, Frank  (SN 1798) Frank enlisted on January 13, 1915. His mother, Mrs G. Madden of Nar Nar Goon was listed as his next of kin.   Frank was awarded the Military Medal. He Returned to Australia on April 8, 1919.  Frank and Thomas (below) are brothers and they were both wool sorters by occupation - their parents are later listed at 9 Caroline Street, Clifton Hill.

Madden, Thomas William  (SN 2232)  Thomas' address on the Embarkation Roll is Nar Nar Goon and he was 25 years old when he enlisted on April 1, 1916. He Died of Wounds on October 18, 1917 in Belgium. He is the brother of Frank, above.

Matthews, Frederick George Gladstone  (SN 2272)  George, the son of William Matthews of Nar Nar Goon enlisted on July 24, 1915.  He  Returned to Australia on July 22, 1917 and was discharged from the Army when he got home due to a gun shot wound in the left knee.

McCarthy, Daniel Patrick  (SN 10447) Daniel enlisted on August 10, 1915. He was an orphan and his next of kin was his brother, Edward, of Nar Nar Goon. He Returned to Australia on May 20, 1919.

Moore,  Walter Frederick (SN Depot) Walter enlisted on September 18, 1918. He was 21 and the son of Arthur Charles Moore of Nar Nar Goon. Walter did not get to serve overseas as the War ended. Walter is on both Honour Rolls.


Pakenham Gazette September 20, 1918

Mortimer, Thomas Ernest Gregory (SN 6900A)  Thomas enlisted on August 17, 1917. He was born in Longwarry,  He was  school teacher and his next of kin was his father, George Mortimer, of Nar Nar Goon. He Returned to Australia on July 23, 1919.

Nash,  H   I haven't worked out who this man is. We know that he did not  return (or made the Supreme Sacrifice as the Honour Board states) but I can't find a Nash on the Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour with a Nar Nar Goon connection. I thought he might have a connection to the Nash family of Bunyip, but he isn't on the Bunyip War Memorial. so I don't feel that is the case.

O'Brien,  James Arthur (SN 2737) James was born in Nar Nar Goon and enlisted on May 3, 1916. He was a hardware assistant and the family was living in Yarroweyah (between Strathmerton and Cobram) when he enlisted.  He Returned to Australia on October 20, 1918. James is listed only on the Nar Nar Goon North State School Honour Board. 

O’Brien, James Joseph   (SN 1876) James was born in Nar Nar Goon and was 20 when he enlisted on July 20, 1915. His next of kin was his mother, Elizabeth Mary O'Brien of Nar Nar Goon. He Returned to Australia on November 25, 1917 and discharged as he had a gun shot wound to the left leg 'involving the joint.'  James is on both Honour Rolls.

O’Brien, Daniel Francis (SN 2379)  Daniel enlisted on August 16, 1916. His next of kin was his sister, Katherine O'Brien, of Nar Nar Goon. He Returned to Australia on  February 15, 1918.

Olsen, Charles Christian  (SN 3898) Charles was born and lived in Nar Nar Goon and was  sawmill worker. He enlisted on July 14, 1915. He was Killed in Action on June 12, 1917.  Charles and Richard (below) are brothers, the sons of Andrew and Martha (nee Warren) Olsen. Charles is on both Honour Rolls.

Olsen, Richard Henry  (SN 3026) Richard was born in Williamstown, Victoria and his next of kin when he enlisted on June 8, 1915 was his mother, Martha Olsen of Nar Nar Goon. Richard enlisted in South Australia.  He Returned to Australia on March 23, 1919. Richard is on both Honour Rolls.

Ord, Albert Leslie (SN3889) Albert enlisted on August 7, 1915. He was the son of Frederick Ord of Nar Nar Goon. He died in France, of wounds  on September 26, 1916

Pepper, Harry Higham (SN 2744) Harry enlisted on August 2, 1915, his next of kin was his mother, Mary Ann Pepper of Nar Nar Goon and his occupation was farmer. He was Killed in Action in France on August 9, 1918.

Perry, Silas Cole  (SN 1337)  Silas was born at Nhill, his next of kin was his father, James Perry of Nar Nar Goon and he enlisted on November 2, 1914. He Returned to Australia on February 2, 1919.

Pettman, Isac William (SN 2419) Isac (unusually spelt with only one a) enlisted at Tynong,  on May 31, 1915. His next of kin were his parents, Isaac and Ellen, who were from Bunyip; he was labourer and 19 years old. He Returned to Australia on July 1, 1919. In 1919, Isac married Doris Augusta Blackwell, the sister of Gilbert and Bernard, listed above.

Prior, James Stanley Glenth (SN 31721) Mr Prior enlisted using only his middle name Stanley.   He was a Compositor, born in South Melbourne and enlisted in Claremont, Tasmania on October 16, 1916. His next of kin was his father, James, of Braeburn, Nar Nar Goon. He Returned to Australia on July 1, 1919

Reid, Kenneth Sutherland  (SN 14065) Kenneth was 18 when he enlisted on March 17, 1916. He was the son of Mr W. Reid of Nar Nar Goon and was a Medical Student at the time and had already spent a year with the Melbourne University Rifles. He Returned to Australia on February 28, 1919. According to the Electoral Roll he later became a research chemist.

Richardson, Henry Christopher (SN Depot) Henry, the brother of  Walter, below, enlisted on September 16, 1918. He passed the Light Horse riding test, but did not get to serve overseas as the War finished.

Richardson, Walter Sidney  (SN 3227)  Walter enlisted on July 14, 1915, his next of kin were his parents, Christopher and Jessie Richardson of Nar Nar Goon. He Returned to Australia on August 8, 1919.Walter is the brother of Henry, above.
Rogers, Vaughan Arthur  (SN 1275)  The  Honour Roll has a T.A Rogers listed, but I am pretty sure that it should be V.A Rogers and I cannot find any T. Rogers with a  Nar Nar Goon connection. Vaughan enlisted on July 20, 1915, he was the son of  W.H Rogers of Nar Nar Goon. He caught Rheumatic Fever and was sent home to Australia from England in October 1916 and discharged from the Army on February 16, 1917. Vaughan is on both Honour Rolls.

Rowe W  I have not discovered who this is. There is a W. J Rowe listed on  a list of  soldiers who enlisted from the Shires of Berwick and Cranbourne, but even with the initial of the middle name, I still can't find a Rowe with a Nar Nar Goon connection.

Smith, James Francis  (SN 2563) James was born and lived at Nar Nar Goon, he was the son Marmaduke Smith. He enlisted on April 19, 1916. He was Killed in Action in France on February 14, 1917. James is on both Honour Rolls.

Startup, Rupert Walter   There are no Startups who enlisted in the First World War according to the records at the War Memorial and the National Archives, however Rupert, born in 1896, did enlist in the Second World War in 1940, so I can only assume that this is the man on the Honour Board. Rupert was listed on the 1919 Electoral roll at Nar Nar Goon. Startup is a very well known Nar Nar Goon name - John Startup and a Mr Kettle took up the Mt Ararat run in 1854 - this run was said to extend from Pakenham to Drouin.




Nar Nar Goon Honour RollPhotograph courtesy of the  Casey Cardinia Remembers websitewww.caseycardiniaremembers.org.au

Taylor,  William David (SN 4530) William enlisted January 31, 1916, he was 30 years old and living with his wife, Cecelia,in Nar Nar Goon.  He was Killed in Action in France on March 27, 1917.

Wade, A   I don't know who this. There is an Arthur Wade on the 1914 Electoral Roll at Nar Nar Goon - his occupation is a groom. but if he did enlist I cannot work out  which of six Arthur Wades he might be (if any) as none have a Nar Nar Goon connection. I have checked the 14 A.Wades who enlisted and once again none have an obvious Nar Nar Goon connection and neither do the other 128 Wades.

Warren, Robert James (SN 5099) Robert was 18 and an orchardist when he enlisted on February 2, 1916. His next of kin was his mother, Catherine Warren of Nar Nar Goon. He Returned to Australia on April 1, 1919. Robert is on both Honour Rolls.

White, Sydney Pleno (SN 3638)  Sydney enlisted on July 12, 1915. He was born in England and his next of kin was his father in England and he was a coachsmith. His address on his Embarkation papers was Toorak however there is a Sydney Pleno White on the 1914 Electoral Roll at Nar Nar Goon (occupation farmer) so I presume, with that unusual middle name, that they are the same person. Sydney Returned to Australia on July 4, 1919. He was in Pakenham in the 1924 Roll, occupation orchardist and in Berwick in the 1931 Roll, occupation Dairy farmer. He died in Berwick in 1954.

Wilson, Robert Charles Percy (SN 685) Robert enlisted in January 3, 1917. He and his wife, Rachel, lived in Nar Nar Goon where Robert was the Station Master. He was part of the 1st Australian Light Railway Operating Company and was  awarded the Distinguished Conduct Medal.  Robert Returned to Australia on May 11, 1919

Acknowledgement: 
I wish to acknowledge the research of Chris McKenna of the Berwick RSL, who has researching local soldiers for many years, it has been very helpful in correctly identifying these soldiers.

Narre Warren War Memorial

The Narre Warren War Memorial was erected in 1923, on the corner of the Princes Highway and the Narre Warren North Road. The original memorial, had a lovely arch, which you can see in the photograph, below. The arch was removed in the 1950s. The War Memorial was moved in 2003 to  a location outside the Civic Centre.


Narre Warren War Memorial, erected 1923.Photograph: Oak Trees and Hedges: a pictorial history of Narre Warren, Narre Warren North and Harkaway
I have done some research on the men listed on the War Memorial. It took a while to identify some of the men and there are still a few I still haven't been able to identify. If you know any information about these soldiers, then I would love to hear from you. What follows is the list of First World Soldiers who are listed on the War Memorial, their connection to Narre Warren and their Service Number (SN) so you can look up their full service records on the National Archives website, www.naa.gov.au

I wish to acknowledge the research of Chris McKenna of the Berwick RSL, who has researching local soldiers for many years, it has been very helpful in correctly identifying these soldiers.

Brown, J  This man is currently a mystery. According to the Australian ANZACs in the Great War website there were two Mr Browns who had a Narre Warren address  and they were brothers -   Robert Woodside Brown from Narre Warren North (SN 3040) who enlisted July 21, 1915 and Returned to Australia on May 18, 1919. His brother,  Alfred Hart Brown (SN 1217) from Narre Warren enlisted November 8, 1916 and Returned to Australia on December 11, 1918. Neither of them are J. Browns, so if anyone knows who this is, then please contact me.

Buchanan, Eric Alexander  (SN 1676) Eric was from Station Street, Berwick and enlisted on July 14, 1915 and Returned to Australia on July 23, 1919.

Burns, Charlie  I know this is Charlie Burns, as there are various reports in local papers at the time of his talents as a entertainer at local functions. At the annual cricket club concert held October 9, 1914, Charlie was again to the fore with his humourous songs, clog dances and spoon items (Berwick Shire News and Pakenham Gazette October 14, 1914)  There was  a report of his recent enlistment in the February 16, 1916 issue of the paper. The Australian ANZACs in the Great War website has five Charles Burns who enlisted from Victoria and going by occupation and date of enlistment I believe (but I cannot confirm) that our Charles has the Service Number of 4373 and enlisted on December 24, 1915. He Returned to Australia May 29, 1919.

Dewar, Alfred James (no SN listed) Alfred enlisted on July 20, 1915 and he died of 'cerebro spinal meningitis'  less than a month later on August 15, 1915. His father's address was Drouin on the enlistment papers. A report in the Berwick Shire News and Pakenham Gazette of August 18, 1915 said the  Dewar family of Drouin who have suffered so severely through the meningitis epidemic were some years ago residents of Harkaway. Mr Dewar owned a property on Hessell's Road near the old church. An earlier report in The Argus (August 13, 1915) said that Private Dewar had returned home suffering form what he thought was influenza, but it turned out to be meningitis and his mother, who was nursing him contracted the disease and died after 24 hours illness. A tragic story.

Duncan, D   I believe this may be David Baird Duncan  (SN 2366) based solely on his occupation of Orchardist. There were two other D. Duncans who enlisted from Victoria -  David John Duncan (SN 2292)  was a coach builder and David Francis Duncan (SN 6665) was a jeweller, both have a Melbourne address. The Bailey family has established  an orchard at Narre Warren North in the 1890s and this was the first of many orchards in this area, thus being an orchardist is a likely occupation for someone from Narre Warren, but I cannot find any actual connection to this area. David was born in Scotland and enlisted on May 10, 1915 at the age of 20. He Returned to Australia April 5, 1919.

Duncan, James Ramsay (SN 432) James was born in Berwick and he enlisted on September 28, 1914. James was a Lieutenant and he returned to Australia on April 15, 1918.

Dunwell, Fred   (SN 1392)    Fred was from Narre Warren and he enlisted July 31,  1915. He returned to Australia on July 18, 1919.

Hillbrich, A  I am not sure who this is - There are only three Hillbrichs (or Hillbricks as it is spelt on the Nominal and Embarkation Rolls) who enlisted - Ernest and Harold are written about below and the other one was Norman (SN 5326) who enlisted on January 14, 1916 and Died of Wounds on May 6, 1917. The Memorial lists A. Hillbrich as having returned, so that doesn't tally with Norman's record. The three Hillbrichs are all descendants of Johann and Maria Hillbrich who settled in Harkaway in 1855.

Hillbrich, Ernest William  (SN 3989 and 1045)  Listed as Hillbrick on the Nominal and Embarkation Rolls. Ernest was a farmer from Narre Warren when he enlisted on March, 9, 1915. He Returned to Australia on March 28, 1919.

Hillbrich, Harold Herbert (SN 11760) Listed as Hillbrick on the Nominal Rolls. Harold was born in Narre Warren and enlisted on November 3, 1915. He Returned to Australia on June 12, 1919.

Ireland, Percy Markham De Courcy (SN 1116) Percy's parents, De Courcy and Margaret Ireland are listed in the Electoral Rolls at Narre Warren in 1903, so it is possible that Percy went to school at Narre Warren. In 1914 the family was living in Heidelberg. Percy enlisted on May 25, 1915 and Returned to Australia on April 13, 1919.

Kent, Alfred Ernest (SN 3336). Alfred enlisted on August 2, 1915.  Alfred is also on the Berwick Grammar School memorial in Church Street, Berwick.  Alfred was from Narre Warren and his parents, Anthony and Mary Kent, had arrived in Narre Warren around 1875 and purchased Granite Park (which they re-named Oatlands). Alfred was married to Alice Webb, the daughter of Sidney and Ann Webb.  Alfred was 40 when he enlisted as was Killed in Action in France on May 5, 1916.

Kent, Charles Edward  ( SN 237)  Charles was a farmer from Narre Warren and he enlisted on February 28, 1916. He Returned to Australia on April 5, 1918. Charles and Norman are brothers to Alfred (above)

Kent, Norman (1009) Norman is the brother of Alfred and Charles (above) and he enlisted on October 1, 1914.  He Died of Wounds on April 12, 1917.


The Narre Warren War Memorial at the Civic Centre.Photograph courtesy of the  Casey Cardinia Remembers websitewww.caseycardiniaremembers.org.au
MacKenzie, Dugald (SN 6069) Dugald enlisted on March 22, 1916, He was a widower and his occupation was 'nurseryman labourer'. His address on enlistment was South Melbourne, but a Dugald MacKenzie is listed in the 1914 Electoral Rolls at Narre Warren, occupation Nurseryman, so I am sure that we have the right man. Dugald was Killed in Action in France on May 4, 1917.

McClure, Alexander David  (SN 516) Alexander enlisted on February 10, 1915. He was the son of Colin McClure. Alexander was a miner from Benalla when he enlisted and I found his connection to Narre Warren in a report in the Berwick Shire News and Pakenham Gazette of May 17, 1916. the report states that McClure, road foreman on the Victorian railways at Yackandandah, who was well known in this district as one of the prominent members of the Narre Warren Cricket Club, has had the sad misfortune to lose his son in the war. The article then has some reports from his friends about his death and his friend said that Alexander died as he lived, game and cheerful to the last. Alexander Died of Wounds, received at Gallipoli,  November 20, 1915.

Mouser, George.   Lieutenant George Mouser  enlisted on May 1, 1916. His next of kin was his father, John Mouser of Narre Warren. He Returned to Australia on July 24, 1919.

Muffett, John Henry (SN 3104) He is listed as Muffit on the War Memorial.   John enlisted on January 6, 1917 and was Killed in Action on August 26, 1918. I believe that the connection to Narre Warren can be found in a report in South Bourke and Mornington Journal on April 8, 1903. The article reports that railway line repairer, Benjamin Muffit (sic) was killed on the railway line. Muffit resided in a gate house on Lalor's Road, about a quarter of a mile from the Narre Warren Station. He was 42 years old at the time of the accident and he left a wife and four children. There is a birth of a John Henry Muffett in 1892 to a Benjamin and Mary Muffett and his next of kin on his enlistment paper is his mother, Mary. I believe that John is the son of the deceased railway worker and may have went to school at Narre Warren.

Neil,  W  No luck so far in identifying this soldier. There was a William Neill who was the Station Master at Narre Warren from April 1912 until he was transferred to Yarra Glen on June 1, 1914. Is this the connection? He had  a son Wilfred Vivian born 1894 but he didn't enlist.  Any help appreciated on this one.

Nutter, S  There were only four men who enlisted with the surname of Nutter - Alan and Lawrence are brothers from Killara in Sydney; John Nutter was from England and enlisted in Sydney and doesn't seem to have any connection with the area. There is also a William  Nutter Scott, born in England and enlisted in Sydney and once again I can find no connection between him and this area.

Sage, Louis Francis (SN 30437)  When Louis enlisted on March 2, 1916 his next of kin was his mother, Margaret Sage of Narre Warren North. He Returned to Australia on January 30, 1918.
Smith George Stephen (SN 3679).  George was born in Horsham and was living at Longwarry when he enlisted on  August 7, 1915. He was Killed in Action in France on March 31, 1917.  It took some research to identify George as, according to the Australian War Memorial website, there were 53 G. Smiths who did not return, of these 19 were Victorians, so I concentrated on these 19 and still could not find  a Narre Warren connection until I found a George Adolphus Smith listed in the 1903 Electoral Roll, where he was the Station Master at Narre Warren. Then I went back to my 19 soldiers and discovered that our George was the son of a George Adolphus Smith and that the elder George was listed as the Station Master at Longwarry in 1914 Electoral rolls, so it all fitted. George was 19 when he enlisted in 1915, thus born around 1896. An article in the South Bourke and Mornington Journal of  June 23, 1909 reports that Mr George Smith was leaving Narre Warren after eight years as Assistant Station Master, so both young George and his brother, William (see below) would have attended Narre Warren State School. As a matter of interest, Colin McClure, the father of Alexander McClure, above, 'occupied the chair' for the Smith's farewell social.

Smith William Edward (SN 20121) William is also the son of George Adolphus Smith and was born at Creswick and was living at Longwarry when he enlisted on April 4, 1917, just four days after his brother was killed. He was 18, thus born about 1899. William Returned to Australia July 18, 1919.

Stedman, Albert  (SN 3262) Albert enlisted on July 14, 1915 and he was an 'asbestos worker' not an occupation that you hear of today. His father, also called Albert, was Station Master at Outtrim.  Albert was Killed in Action in France on July 28, 1916. Albert senior was the Station Master at Narre Warren for eight years and he left in July 1906 as he was appointed to Port Fairy. A report in the South Bourke and Mornington Journal of July 11, 1906 says that Mrs and Mrs Stedman had a very enjoyable farewell  social at the Mechanics' Institute.

Stedman, Walter (SN 3909) Walter was the brother of Albert, above. He enlisted on November 4, 1915 and Returned to Australia February 13, 1917.

Wanke, Arthur Robert (SN 1427)  Arthur was the son of Emmanuel Wanke of Narre Warren.  He enlisted on March 3, 1916. He Returned to Australia on December 12, 1918.

Wanke, Frederick William (SN 6379) Fred was the son of Berthe Wanke of Narre Warren. He enlisted on April 28, 1916 and Died of Wounds received May 17, 1918.

Wauchope, Neil Andrew (SN 2239)  Neil was born at Narre Warren and he enlisted on July 9, 1915. He Returned to Australia on August 24, 1918.

Woodley, George Herbert (SN 4570) George was the son of Thomas Woodley, who had a bakers shop on the corner of the Princes Highway and Webb Street (click here to see a picture of the shop) George enlisted on August 18, 1915 and was discharged on October 4, 1919. George's brother, Ernest Simmill Woodley, had enlisted on August 16, 1915 but  he was discharged due to being medically unfit on May 29, 1916 as he suffered from 'traumatic epilspsy'.  Their father, Thomas,  had died in January 1906, he had gone to Melbourne to watch an interstate cricket match and later died of ptomaine poisoning (or food poisoning caused by putrefication)  said to have been caused by the pie he ate for lunch.


This picture was taken in 2003, just after the Memorial was moved to the Civic Centre site.That's long serving Council Officer, David Westlake with a colleague.

Bunyip War Memorial

The War Memorial at Bunyip was unveiled on Wednesday, February 9 1921 by Frank Groves, M.L.A. There  are 36 names from the Great War on the Memorial. It would be interesting to know how the names were selected as the Australian ANZACs in the Great War website lists 78 people with a  Bunyip address who enlisted and  a further 53 with a Garfield address and 16 with an Iona address, so there was no shortage of potential candidates who could have been honoured.

The Argus, February 12 1921
Here is a list of the 36 soldiers and their Service Number (SN) so you can look up their full record on the National Archives of Australia website www.naa.gov.au

Beswick,  Edwin  Ezard (SN 6725) Edwin was the son of John Beswick of Garfield and enlisted on September 16, 1916.  He died of gas poisoning on October 9, 1917.

Bradshaw,  Stanley Guelph  (SN 2280) Son of Joseph Bradshaw of Bunyip, Stanley enlisted on August 21, 1916. Stanley was Killed in Action in Belgium on October 4, 1916.

Carter,  William  (SN 2266) Enlisted on July 17, 1915 and he died of wounds on August 6, 1916. William was the son of William Carter of Bunyip.

Clarkin, William.  (SN 1522). William was born at Bunyip and enlisted at Tynong in December 1914 at the age of 21. He died of wounds in France on August 26, 1916. His next of kin was listed as his brother L. Clarkin of Iona, although an annotation on his Attestation paper says it is his eldest brother, John Clarkin of Garfield. William is also on the War Memorial at Cora Lynn.

Dawes G   (Clifford Gordon)  (SN 5086) Clifford  was born at Garfield and was the son of Alfred Dawes of Iona. he enlisted on January 26, 1916 and Returned to Australia on July 7, 1917.

Devine H. G I have not yet discovered who this is.

Doherty,  Edward Francis (Frank)   (SN 1218) The son of John Doherty, a farmer of Tynong,  Frank was Killed in Action on August 4, 1916 and is also listed on the Cora Lynn War Memorial.

Donald Henry Gordon (SN 6001A) Henry was the son of Elizabeth Donald of Garfield, He enlisted on March 30, 1916 and was Killed in Action in Belgium, exact date unknown, but from June 7 to June 9, 1917.

Fallon Joseph (SN 3521)  Joseph was  born in Bunyip and enlisted on April 17, 1917. He Returned to Australia July 8, 1919.

Fitzgerald D  This could be Daniel Fitzgerald (SN 3312) from Iona, who enlisted on October 5, 1914. He Died of Wounds on October 6, 1917.  It may also be David William Fitzgerald (SN 37563) also of Iona. David enlisted on February 27, 1917, he spent some time in a military hospital after the war and Returned to Australia on April 10, 1919.
Fitzgerald John Lawrence (SN 2474) John, from Iona,  enlisted on July 15, 1915.  He was Killed in Action in France on July 19, 1916. I presume these three boys were brothers as they all had a David Fitzgerald from Iona, listed as their father.

Fitton James Herbert (SN 3979)  James was born in London and was the brother of Wilfred Fitton, who is listed as living at Bunyip in the 1914 Electoral Rolls. James enlisted on July 28, 1915 and was Killed in Action in Belgium on September 30, 1917.

Gachin John (SN 2528) - his last name is listed as Gaghin and Gaghain on other sources, but looking at his signature on his enlistment paper, I believe Gaghin is the correct spelling. John is the son of Michael Gaghin of Garfield and enlisted on June 16, 1916.   He was Killed in Action in France on April 11, 1917.

Green Francis Regis (SN6013)  Francis was the son of Catherine Green of Iona and enlisted on April 17, 1916 and was Killed in Action on May 12, 1917 in France.

Gunnelson Percy Oskar   (SN 893)
Gunnelson Ingelbert Thomas  (SN 3160) Percy and Inglebert were the sons of James Gunnelson of Garfield, sadly they were both Killed in Action, Percy on  May 8, 1915 and Inglebert on October 4, 1917.

Holland William George Sydney (SN 850) William was born in Bunyip and enlisted on June 3, 1915. He died on November 1, 1918 after being gassed.

Leeson William Herbert Charles (SN 1178) William was Killed in Action at Gallipoli on May 2, 1915. He was the son of Philip Leeson of Garfield.




Bunyip War MemorialPhotograph courtesy of the  Casey Cardinia Remembers websitewww.caseycardiniaremembers.org.au

McDonald Allan Walter   (SN 2474) Allan and his wife Jessie lived at Garfield when he enlisted on March 3, 1916. He died of wounds received in France on April 17, 1917.

McIvor John Edward (SN 26655) His next of kin on enlistment was his wife Edith, who moved around after John enlisted on January 1, 1916. One of her addresses was C/O Mrs Scealy  of Bunyip, this was Margaret Ellen Scealy, Edith's sister. There may have been another Bunyip connection, but I haven't established it yet, as John was born in  Footscray and enlisted from North Carlton. John was Killed in Action on July 25, 1918.

Milligan, Joseph Lewellen. (SN 5376). Farm hand of Cora Lynn;  his mother was Catherine Milligan also of Cora Lynn. Joseph was Killed in Action on February 23, 1917. Joseph is also on the War Memorial at Cora Lynn.

Moore Walter Henry Edward  (SN 3428)  Next of Kin was his wife, Mrs E, Moore of 'Kia Ora' Bunyip. When he enlisted on July 7, 1915 his address was Prahran. Walter died of disease on February 1, 1919 and is buried in England.

Mynard Charles  (SN 459) Charles enlisted on August 17, 1914 and was Killed in Action at Gallipoli on April 25, 1915. He was from Garfield.

Pearson Frederick Francis (SN 869)  Frederick was Killed in Action at Gallipoli on April 25, 1914. He was the son of Charles Pearson of Bunyip and had enlisted in September 4, 1914.

Plant Lawrence (SN 1804)  Born in Garfield and enlisted at Tynong on he was Killed in Action in France on June 18, 1917.

Reardon Eric Charles (SN 2524). Eric enlisted on June 3, 1915 and died of wounds on September, 9 1918.  He was the son of James Reardon of Bunyip.

Slattery Gerald Malyon   (SN 272) Gerald's occupation on his enlistment papers butter maker and he enlisted on March 15, 1915. In the 1914 Electoral Rolls he was living at Iona and his occupation was Creamery Manager. He was Killed in Action in France on July 7, 1916.

Sleigh Stephen   (SN 3244) Stephen was the son of Mary Jane Sleigh of Bunyip and he enlisted on July 16, 1915. Stephen was listed as missing on July 28, 1916 and  a later Court of Enquiry found that he was Killed in Action on July 7, 1916.

Spence Malcolm (SN 4614) When Malcolm enlisted on August 31, 1915 his next of kin was listed as his sister, Harriet Walker of Bunyip. He was Killed in Action in France on July 20, 1916.

Stacey Ernest William  (SN4298)  Ernest enlisted on July 7, 1915. He was the son of Thomas Stacey who owned the Railway Hotel in Bunyip. He was Killed in Action in Belgium on October 5, 1917.

Streeter Henry (SN 2402) Henry was from Bunyip and enlisted on October 17, 1916. He was a Lieutenant and was Killed in Action in France on February 17, 1918.

Toner Francis John  (SN 5092)  Francis, the son of Catherine Toner of Garfield, enlisted on March 3, 1916. He was Killed in Action in France, March 24, 1917.

Williams Percy Francis (SN 7099) Percy enlisted on April 28, 1916 and was the son of Mary Ann Williams of Main Street, Bunyip. He died of pneumonia in a Military Hospital in England on March 14, 1917.

Watson Albert (SN 3664)  Albert was the son of  Mrs Jessie Adamson of Garfield and enlisted on August 25, 1915. He died of wounds received in Belgium on March 9, 1918.

Whiston Julian Thomas (SN 3526)
Whiston Frederick (SN 3524)   Julian and Fred were the sons of Fred Whiston of Cora Lynn. Fred was born in Garfield and Julian at 'Bunyip Swamp'. Sadly both boys died on wounds received, Fred on July 7, 1916 and Julian on March 21, 1918.

I wish to acknowledge the research of Chris McKenna of the Berwick RSL, who has researching local soldiers for many years, it has been very helpful in correctly identifying these soldiers.

Berwick Footballers who enlisted

This is a report from the Berwick Shire News of March 8, 1916 which lists the 23 Berwick Football Club players who had enlisted for active service (even though the article says 24). I have done some research to try to work out who these men were and I have also used the research of Chris McKenna of the Berwick RSL, who has researching local soldiers for many years.  I have listed their Service Numbers (SN) so you can look up  their full record on the National Archives site www.naa.gov.au

Berwick Shire News March 8, 1916http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-page8579525
Avard, Hugo (Richard Hugo Turnbull Avard) (SN 1851) Hugo worked for the Post Office before he enlisted on September 11, 1915. He returned to Australia on September 26, 1917.
Bannan, John Joseph. (SN 1126) He is listed as Bannon on the War Memorial in Berwick and as Badnan on the Nominal rolls. John was quarryman, who enlisted on June 14, 1915 aged 24. He was married to Mary Ann and they lived in Berwick. He died of disease on October, 16, 1918.

Baxter, Frederick Edward (SN 4440) Fred enlisted on March 5, 1915. He was a gunner. He was Killed in Action in France on August 22, 1918. 
This is a report from The South Bourke and Mornington Journal of May 6, 1915 about Gunner Baxter's enlistment.

Bragg, Arthur Robert (SN 2564)  Arthur and his wife Emily had the Central Hotel Beaconsfield. Arthur enlisted on August 2, 1915 at the age of 39. He was Killed in Action on July 19, 1916.  
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article119779493
I found this interesting account of Arthur Bragg's divorce in The Truth newspaper of  November 27, 1915 - it's a bit hard to read but it appears that Mrs Bragg owned a hotel in Cloncurry, which she sold and she then purchased the Central Hotel in Beaconsfield. Arthur got into debt, they quarrelled and he joined up, but later admitted that he had been 'misconducting himself with women' The couple had three children. It lists his age as 44, 5 years older than the age he gave when he enlisted. 
Brocklebank, Ralph Thomas. (SN 3012) Lieutenant Brocklebank enlisted on July 20, 1915 age 22. He was a Bank Clerk. He returned to Australia April, 27 1919.
Buchanan, Eric Alexander. (SN 1676). Eric was a Clerk from Berwick when he enlisted on July 14, 1915 age 21. He was in the Light Horse and returned to Australia on July 23, 1919.
Clements, John William Henry  (SN 5995) John was a teacher at Officer State School when he enlisted on June 16, 1916. he returned to Australia September 25, 1919.
Crabtree, Walter (SN 242a). Walter, a driver, enlisted in Berwick on February 29, 1916. He returned to Australia August 22, 1919.
Faragher, Leslie Victor (SN 2624) Leslie was employed by R. J Espie as a blacksmith before he enlisted on August 2, 1915. He was Killed in Action in France on May 16, 1916.
Fleer, Harold Edward (SN 3112). Harold was a farmer from Harkaway when he enlisted on July 7, 1915 aged 18. Hist parents Edward and Martha Fleer, gave permission as Harold was under 21. Harold returned to Australia on April, 13, 1919.

Griffin, James Daniel (SN 26752) James, a labourer,  was living in Berwick when he enlisted on January 17, 1916. Returned to Australia June 16, 1919.
Grigg, Donald Douglas (SN 85a) Donald was a farmer and lived in Berwick when he enlisted on March 24, 1915.   Returned to Australia January 2, 1919.
Lewis, F I don't know who this one is - is it Fred Lewis that worked for Mr Rowe the baker? Read about Mr Rowe here.
Loveridge, Ellis (Alfred Ellis Loveridge) ( SN 7880) Storekeeper of Berwick and enlisted on June 15, 1915. Returned to Australia May 3, 1919. 
Lyall, Edmund Ramsden (SN 3170). Edmund was a teacher at the Berwick State school when he enlisted July 24, 1915 aged 20 years, 11 months. He was the son of  John Lyall of Jindivick. Edmund was Killed in Action, in France, on November, 11 1916.

McKay, Albert Duncan (SN 4758) Albert, a labourer,  enlisted on February 2, 1916 and Returned to Australia on June 6, 1918.
Munro, Robert (SN 6542) Robert was a Quarryman and enlisted on June 5, 1915. Not surprisingly, as he had worked in a Quarry he was a Sapper. He returned to Australia April 13, 1919.
O'Sullivan, William (SN 3867) William was 27 when he enlisted on July 9, 1915. He is next of kin was listed as his cousin, Maud Maynard. He died of a self-inflicted gun shot wound on July 19, 1916. 
Randle, Henry George (SN 1274). Henry enlisted on July 7, 1915 aged 27. He was an orchardist from Narre Warren. Henry returned to Australia on May 15, 1919. He was in the First Light Horse Regiment.

Sherriff, Arthur Mason (SN 4529)  Arthur was a nursery man of Narre Warren and enlisted on December 24, 1915. He returned to Australia August 25, 1917. 
Smith, Clarence John (SN 107) Clarence, a horse driver,  enlisted February 4, 1916 and was Killed in Action in Belgium on June 8, 1917.
Warne, Charles Frederick Peneligon  (SN 254) Charles was 42 years old and a painter when he enlisted on January 29, 1916. He Returned to Australia Septermber 23, 1919.
Young, Walter Leslie (SN 632) There is a Walter Leslie Young listed in the 1914 Electoral roll, occupation merchant, address Narre Warren North and a Walter Leslie Young, occupation grocer, enlisting on February 2, 1916 so I believe that W. Young is this person. Plus there is an account of a Private Walter Young having a farewell social at Narre Warren North in April 1916, so I am confident we have the correct man. Walter Returned to Australia on May 27, 1919.

Patriotic Concerts

Not long after the  Great War commenced, communities had already began to hold concerts and events to raise money for the 'war effort'.  Here are reports about three  early concerts - one held at Berwick on August 26, 1914; Tonimbuk on October 3, 1914 and the other held at Koo-Wee-Rup on October 30, 1914. These reports are of interest for a number of  reasons - firstly they show how quickly small towns were to support the 'war effort.' Secondly, the reports provide an interesting snapshot of the social life of small towns at the time - who was involved and what songs and music were presented. Finally, they are interesting from a family history point of view - perhaps one of your ancestors or relatives were involved in the concerts. 

South Bourke and Mornington Journal September 3. 1914http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article66186065
Bunyip Free Press October 8, 1914http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article129629643


South Bourke and Mornington Journal  November 5, 1914http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article66186454


Exemption Courts

This article is from the Dandenong Advertiser of October 26,  1916 and is an account of the activities of Dandenong Exemption Court held on October 17 before Mr Vivian Tanner, P.M. The Court heard applications from men from Springvale, Clayton, Keysborough, Dandenong and also from our area - so below are some of the applications and outcomes from men from the Shire of Cranbourne and the Shire of Berwick. 

Dandenong Advertiser of October 26,  1916http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article88663285
What was an Exemption Court?  The government made a proclamation at the beginning of October 1916 declaring all unmarried able-bodied men between the ages of 21 and 35 were to undertake military training leading to the possibility of service within the Commonwealth. All men meeting those criteria had to enrol at enrolment centres where they were assessed for suitability. However, there was a procedure whereby men classified as suitable could appeal and be granted exception from service. http://localhistory.kingston.vic.gov.au/

Courts were set up in each Federal Electorate and men who wished to be exempt from military training had to fill out a form in duplicate, deliver it to the military registrar and they would then be able to put their case at the Exemption Court. The article from The Argus, below, outlines the process.


The Argus October 2, 1916http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article1629845

Berwick Grammar School Avenue of Honour and War Memorial

There are three Avenues of Honour in Berwick which commemorate the service of local people in the First World War.  The City of Casey has produced a book on the Avenues in their region, including the three Berwick ones. You can down-load a copy of the book here.

The smallest of these Avenues is the one in Church Street in Berwick which commemorates the nine soldiers who were killed and who had attended Berwick Boys Grammar School. This school operated from 1882 until 1928 and was located in the building on the corner of Church Street and Brisbane Street, in Berwick.


This is the memorial stone, in Church Street, which lists the names of the nine soldiers.

The Argus June 12, 1920http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article1710870
We know the Avenue of Honour was planted in June 1920 and an Honour Board listing the names of the 66 'old boys' who joined up was unveiled at the same time and I presume the memorial stone in Church Street was also erected at this time.
Who are the nine boys, who were honoured by the Avenue in Church Street?  It is not always that easy to specifically identify the names on a memorial and in this case, as Berwick Grammar was a boarding school as well as  a day school, many of the students did not have a local address, so I was lucky to find the following article on Trove
Berwick Shire News February 9, 1916http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article92090882
As you can see the article lists a number of 'old boys' who had already joined up in 1916, some of whom are on the Avenue of Honour stone. Below is a list of the nine students and their Service Numbers (SN). You can access their full service records on the National Archives of Australia website, www.naa.gov.au
Brunn, E.D'A. This is Eric D'Arcy Brunn (SN 3357) even though his enlistment papers at the National Archives have his surname as Bruun, Eric was born in Seymour and was 38 years old and living in Woodend when he enlisted on June 18, 1917. He was Killed in Action in France on April 25, 1918. I am unsure whether Brunn or Bruun was the correct surname -  his sister, Alice D'Arcy Brunn enlisted as a nurse in 1915 and yet I have found them on the Electoral Roll as both Brunn and Bruun. 
Elmes, H. O.  Herbert Oliver Elmes (SN 1355) was born in Berwick and living in Berwick when he enlisted at the age of 40, on November 30, 1914. He was Killed in Action in France on November 5, 1916.
Gaunt, E.G.  I believe this is Edwin George Gaunt (SN 2604). He was born at Yarraville and enlisted at the age of 37 on July 7, 1915, in New South Wales. He was Killed in Action in France on July 19 or 20, 1916.
Hodgson, S. I can't work out who this is. On the Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour there is  only one S. Hodgson listed - Sidney Hodgson (SN 3562)  who was born and enlisted in New South Wales. He was 18 when he enlisted on September 7, 1915 and was Killed in Action in France a year later on October 22. Was this our S. Hodgson? The history of Berwick Grammar School (citation below) has an incomplete list of students and it lists an S. Hodgison -  but I cannot find any Hodgisons who enlisted.  If you know who this might be, I would love to hear from you.
Hope, H.L.  Harry Leslie Hope (SN 61) was born in South Melbourne and was living in Elsternwick  when he enlisted  on June 4, 1915 when he was 30 years of age. He died of wounds, in France, on April 22, 1917. 
Kent, A.E.  Alfred Ernest Kent (SN 3336) was from Narre Warren and enlisted on  August 2, 1915. Alfred's parents, Anthony and Mary Kent had arrived in Narre Warren around 1875 and purchased Granite Park (which they re-named Oatlands). Alfred was married to Alice Webb, the daughter of Sidney and Ann Webb.  Alfred was 40 when he enlisted as was Killed in Action in France on May 5, 1916.
Lyon, C.H. Charles Hugh Lyon (SN 412) was born at Hawksburn and enlisted in Western Australia on September 10, 1914. He was 26  and his next of kin, his mother, was living at Harkaway. Lieutenant Lyon was part of the Camel Corp and was Killed in Action on November 7, 1917 in Palestine. 
Miller, A.H.  Lieutenant Alexander Henderson Miller was born in Berwick  and enlisted, at Beechworth,  on July 15, 1915 aged 29. He was Killed in Action in Belgium on September 25, 1917.
Robin, A. M.  Arthur Mervyn Robin (SN 2180) was born at Camberwell and was 21 years old when he enlisted on March 10, 1915.  He was Killed in Action in France on June 29, 1916.

The Avenue of Honour in Church Street, Berwick.
There is a  history of the Berwick Grammar School - The School that was: a history of the Berwick Grammar School, 1882-1928 by John Bellair. It was published by the author in 1992.

Les Cochrane - from AIF to MLA

Cochrane Park in Koo-Wee-Rup is named after Leslie James Cochrane.  Mr Cochrane died on April 25, 1972. His funeral was held on April 28 at the Presbyterian Church in Koo-Wee-Rup and attended by an estimated 1,000 people with another 700 people attending the service at the Springvale Crematorium. Mr Cochrane was a man who served his country in the Great War and then served the community after being elected as a Member of the Legislative Assembly in the Victorian Parliament.


Leslie was born in Bentleigh in 1894 to David and Lucy (nee Burgess) Cochrane. The family moved to Caldermeade when he was eight. He enlisted in the First World War on May 2, 1916 at the age of 21. He was in the 46th Infantry battalion and saw war service in France. He returned to Australia in February 1918 and in the December of the same year he married Ivy, the daughter of Harry and Sarah Wildes of Yannathan.  Leslie and Ivy moved to a soldier settlement block on the Pakenham Road.  After the war, as well as running the farm, Mr Cochrane began a life of community service. He joined the Cranbourne Shire Council in 1930, representing the Koo-Wee-Rup Riding until 1964 and was Shire President on four occasions. It was said he never missed a meeting.




This wonderful photograph belongs to the Koo-Wee-Rup Swamp Historical Society and shows Les Cochrane, Billy McGree and Bill Gilchrist and their 'Welcome Home' party in 1918.


Mr Cochrane also represented Gippsland West in the Legislative Assembly from May 1950 until May 1970 for the Country Party. He held various Parliamentary positions and was the Country Party ‘whip’ from 1961 until 1970. When he died, the Premier, Sir Henry Bolte; the Leader of the Opposition, Mr Clive Holding and the leader of the Country Party, Mr Ross-Edwards, each presented a short eulogy on Mr Cochrane in the Victorian Parliament. In fact, Sir Henry pointed out that Mr Cochrane was the last surviving member of this Parliament who served as a member of the Australian Infantry Forces during the First World War. Mr Cochrane was also the President of the Westernport Memorial Hospital Board and he was awarded a Life Membership for his work with the R.S.L. He was a Past Master of the Koo-Wee-Rup Masonic Lodge and an Elder of the Presbyterian Church and was awarded an O.B.E in 1971.


Leslie and Ivy had two children - Irene (Mrs Jack Haw who died in 2001) and Stewart who died in 2000. Mrs Cochrane was also involved in community organizations such as the Presbyterian Ladies Guild and attended the first Koo-Wee-Rup Red Cross meeting. She was Foundation President of the Hospital Ladies Auxiliary and was awarded a Life Governorship of the Hospital in 1974. Mrs Cochrane died in September 1986, aged 91.

Cochrane Park was developed by the Apex Club in 1980 on Railway land. It was then taken over by the Lions Club who named it for Leslie Cochrane.

The two small photographs are from the Koo-Wee-Rup Sun May 3, 1972 from a report about Mr Cochrane's funeral.

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